Pediatric urology is a surgical sub-branch of medicine that deals with the disorders of genitourinary systems of children. Pediatric urologists take care of medication and consultation for both boys and girls (birth to early adult age). Disorders of urination, reproductive organs and testes are one of the most common problems. Some of the most common dealt problems include bladder control problems like daytime urinary incontinence and bedwetting; Cryptorchidism (Undescended testes); hypospadias; Epispadias: Bladder and kidney stones (Urolithiasis); minor malformations of the penis; Phimosis; obstruction of urine; vesicoureteral reflux; Neurogenic bladder (e.g., associated with spina bifida); Antenatal hydronephrosis; Tumors and cancers of the kidneys;Repair of genitourinary trauma; Genitourinary malformations and birth defects; prune belly syndrome; Cloacal exstrophy; bladder exstrophy; Ambiguous genitalia and intersex conditions.
Journal Article is sometimes called a Scientific Article, a Peer-Reviewed Article, or a Scholarly Research Article. Together, journal articles in a particular field are often referred to as The Literature.
Journal articles are most often Primary Research Articles. However, they can also be Review Articles. These types of articles have different aims and requirements. Sometimes, an article describes a new tool or method.
Because articles in scientific journals are specific, meticulously cited and peer-reviewed, journal databases are the best place to look for information on previous research on your species. Without a background in the field, journal articles may be hard to understand - however, you do not need to understand an entire article to be able to get valuable information from it.
Last date updated on July, 2014