alexa Obesity| OMICS International | Journal Of Women's Health Care

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Obesity

Obesity is currently the most widely expanding epidemic disease of the modern world . It is defined as the excessive storage of body fat and it is diagnosed mainly according to the World Health Organization (WHO) Body Mass Index (BMI) criteria. A woman is diagnosed as obese when BMI is ≥ 30 Kg/m2 and overweight when BMI is between 25-29.9 Kg/m2. Obesity is a multifaceted, chronic inflammatory disease, characterized by metabolic and endocrine disorders, as well as behavioral declinations. The two prime factors for the manifestation of obesity are the genetic predisposition accounting for 60% and the environmental conditions accounting for another 40% . Obesity is considered chronic recurrent disease and therefore, difficult to confront. It is related to other chronic disorders such as hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis disruptions, hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and hormone dependent tumors . Adipose tissue, apart from the storage and release of energy, communicates with distant organs and systems, as the central nervous system. In this way, adipose tissue is involved in the co-ordination of diverse biological functions including energy, metabolism, neuroendocrine and immunological reactions and reproduction .
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Last date updated on July, 2014

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