alexa Annals of Infections and Antibiotics

Annals of Infections and Antibiotics
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Editorial Board

 

About the Journal

Annals of Infections and Antibiotics is an Open Access peer-reviewed journal dedicated to publishing cutting-edge research in the field of Antibiotic Resistance and Infectious Diseases. Infections such as swine flu, AIDS, hepatitis, meningitis, urinary tract infections, pulmonary infection, colon infection, and emerging viral diseases such as: SARS, swine flu, zika fever, and Ebola, are of special interest to the journal.

The Journal deals with all aspects of infection such as: infection control, preventive measures, advanced therapies, and treatments for infections. Important topics such as: development of antibiotic resistance and increased prescription of broad spectrum antibiotics over narrow spectrum antibiotics are of special interest. In addition, the Journal places special impetus on pathogenic agents such as HIV, rotavirus, herpes virus, human papilloma virus, Streptomyces species etc. “Infections and Antibiotics” holds a special position in the scholarly communication milieu by relaying expert knowledge to scholars and the general public.

“Annals of Infections and Antibiotics” is comprised of experienced Editorial Board, by including the best in this field. All manuscripts are subject to rigorous peer review by eminent scientists. The Journal encourages original research in the form of research articles, review articles, high quality Commentaries, and Perspectives aimed at putting forward the new theories and treatment regimens.

Submit manuscript at https://www.editorialmanager.com/scholarlyjournals/default.aspx  or send as an e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at [email protected] or [email protected].

OMICS International organizes 300+ conferences every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and publishes 400+ scholarly open access journals which contains over 30000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members

Infections and Antibiotics

Annals of Infections and Antibiotics is an Open Access peer-reviewed journal dedicated to publishing cutting-edge research in the field of Antibiotic Resistance and Infectious Diseases. Infections such as swine flu, AIDS, hepatitis, meningitis, urinary tract infections, pulmonary infection, colon infection, and emerging viral diseases such as: SARS, swine flu, zika fever, and Ebola, are of special interest to the journal.

The Journal deals with all aspects of infection such as: infection control, preventive measures, advanced therapies, and treatments for infections. Important topics such as: development of antibiotic resistance and increased prescription of broad spectrum antibiotics over narrow spectrum antibiotics are of special interest. In addition, the Journal places special impetus on pathogenic agents such as HIV, rotavirus, herpes virus, human papilloma virus, Streptomyces species etc. “Infections and Antibiotics” holds a special position in the scholarly communication milieu by relaying expert knowledge to scholars and the general public.

“Annals of Infections and Antibiotics” is comprised of experienced Editorial Board, by including the best in this field. All manuscripts are subject to rigorous peer review by eminent scientists. The Journal encourages original research in the form of research articles, review articles, high quality Commentaries, and Perspectives aimed at putting forward the new theories and treatment regimens.

Submit manuscript at https://www.editorialmanager.com/scholarlyjournals/default.aspx  or send as an e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at [email protected] or [email protected].

OMICS International organizes 300+ conferences every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and publishes 400+ scholarly open access journals which contains over 30000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members

Antibiotics

Antibiotics are used to treat a microbial infection. Antimicrobial medicines can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against. Examples antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoal, and antiviral drugs.

Related Journals of Antimicrobial Drugs

Trends in Microbiology, International Arabic Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins.

Global infectious diseases

These are new and re-emerging infectious diseases that were once unknown or thought to be waning, along with recognition that drug resistance, hygiene, economic and environmental factors have promoted both reemergence and increased mortality. The global infectious diseases includes AIDS, TB , malaria, influenza, and cholera.

Antifungal Agents

One of the antibiotic groups which destroy the growth of fungi. The most common types are mycoses such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis (thrush), serious systemic infections such as Cryptococci meningitis.

Antiseptics

Antiseptics are a diverse class of drugs which are applied to skin surfaces or mucous membranes for their anti-infectiveeffects. This may be either bacteriocidal or bacteriostatic. Their uses include cleansing of skin and wound surfaces afterinjury, preparation of skin surfaces prior to injections or surgical procedures, and routine disinfection of the oral cavity aspart of a program of oral hygiene.

Antimicrobial substances that are applied to living tissue/skin to reduce the possibility of infection, sepsis, or putrefaction. Antibacterials are antiseptics that have the proven ability to act against bacteria. Microbicides which destroy virus particles are called viricides or antivirals.

Swine flu

It is an infection caused by swine influenza viruses. Swine influenza virus (SIV) or swine-origin influenza virus (S-OIV) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is endemic in pigs. The known SIV strains include influenza C and the subtypes of influenza A known as H1N1, H1N2, H2N1, H3N1, H3N2, and H2N3.

Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC)

It is the lowest concentration of a substance that prevents visible growth of a bacterium, whereas the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) is the concentration that results in microbial death.

MICs are usually the starting point for larger preclinical evaluations of novel antimicrobial agents

Toxicology

Toxicology is that the study of the adverse effects, molecular targets, and characterization of medicine or any chemical substance in excess (including those useful in lower doses).

Streptomyces

Streptomyces is the largest genus of Actinobacteria and the type genus of the family Streptomycetaceae. streptomycetes are Gram-positive, and have genomes with high GC content Streptomycetes are characterised by a complex secondary metabolism. They produce over two-thirds of the clinically useful antibiotics of natural origin (e.g., neomycin, cypemycin, grisemycin, bottromycins and chloramphenicol).

Streptomycetes are infrequent pathogens, though infections in humans, such as mycetoma, can be caused by S. somaliensis and S. sudanensis, and in plants can be caused by S. caviscabies, S. acidiscabies, S. turgidiscabies and S. scabies.

Infection control

Infection prevention and control measures aim to ensure the protection of those who might be vulnerable to acquiring an infection in general community and while receiving care due to health problems, in a range of settings.

It is concerned with preventing healthcare-associated infection. It is an essential, part of the infrastructure of health care. Infection control and hospital epidemiology are akin to public health practice, practiced within the confines of a particular health-care delivery system rather than directed at society as a whole. Anti-infective agents include antibiotics, antibacterials, antifungals, antivirals and antiprotozoals. The basic principle of infection prevention and control is hygiene.

Ecotoxicology

Ecotoxicology is that the study of the results of cyanogenetic chemicals on biological organisms, particularly at the population, community, scheme level. Ecotoxicology could be a multidisciplinary field, that integrates materia medica and ecology. The ultimate goal of this approach is to be able to predict {the results|the consequences|the results} of pollution in order that the foremost economical and effective action to stop or remedy any prejudicial effect are often known. In those schemes that area unit already wedged by pollution ecotoxicological studies will inform on the most effective course of action to revive ecosystem services and functions expeditiously and effectively.

Entomotoxicology

In rhetorical bugology, entomotoxicology is that the analysis of poisons in arthropods (mainly flies and beetles) that prey on carrion. exploitation arthropods during a clay or at a criminal offense scene, investigators will confirm whether or not toxins were gift during a body at the time of death. this method could be a major advance in forensics; antecedently, such determinations were not possible within the case of severely rotten bodies destitute of intoxicated tissue and bodily fluids. in progress analysis into the results of poisons on invertebrate development has additionally allowed higher estimations of postmortem intervals.

Dose-response Relationship

The dose-response relationship, or exposure–response relationship, describes the amendment in result on associate degree organism caused by differing levels of exposure (or doses) to a agent (usually a chemical) when a precise exposure time.[1] this might apply to people (e.g.: alittle quantity has no vital result, an outsized quantity is fatal), or to populations (e.g.: what percentage folks or organisms area unit affected at completely different levels of exposure). Dose–response relationships usually rely on the exposure time and exposure route (e.g., inhalation, dietary intake); quantifying the response when {a completely different|a special|a unique|a distinct} exposure time or for a distinct route results in a distinct relationship and presumably different conclusions on the results of the agent into account. This limitation is caused by the quality of biological systems and also the usually unknown biological processes operational between the external exposure and also the adverse cellular or tissue response.

Medical materia medica

Medical materia medica, could be a medical subspecialty specializing in the diagnosing, management and bar of poisoning and different adverse health effects attributable to medications, activity and environmental toxicants, and biological agents. Medical toxicologists area unit concerned within the assessment and treatment of acute or chronic poisoning, adverse drug reactions (ADR), overdoses, envenomations, and abuse, and different chemical exposures.

ADR

An adverse drug reaction (ADR) is associate degree injury caused by taking a medicine. ADRs might occur following one dose or prolonged administration of a drug or result from the mixture of 2 or additional medicine. The that means of this expression differs from the that means of "side effect", as this last expression may also imply that the results are often useful. The study of ADRs is that the concern of the sphere referred to as pharmacovigilance. associate degree adverse drug event (ADE) refers to any injury occurring at the time a drug is employed, whether or not or not it's known as a reason behind the injury.

Toxins

A poison could be a poison created among living cells or organisms, artificial toxicants created by artificial processes area unit so excluded. Toxins are often tiny molecules, peptides, or proteins that area unit capable of inflicting illness on contact with or absorption by body tissues interacting with biological macromolecules like enzymes or cellular receptors. Toxins vary greatly in their severity, starting from typically minor (such as a bee sting) to presently deadly (such as eubacterium toxin).

Neurotoxin

Neurotoxins area unit substances that area unit toxic or damaging to nervous tissue.Neurotoxins area unit an intensive category of exogenous chemical neurologic insults which will adversely have an effect on perform in each developing and mature animal tissue. The term also can be wont to classify endogenous compounds, which, once abnormally contact, will prove neurologically cyanogenetic. although neurotoxins area unit usually neurologically damaging, their ability to specifically target neural elements is very important within the study of nervous systems. Common samples of neurotoxins embody lead, plant product (drinking alcohol), atomic number 25 salt, gas (NO), neurolysin (e.g. Botox), tetanus poison, and tetrodotoxin. Some substances like gas and salt area unit in reality essential for correct perform of the body and solely exert toxin effects at excessive concentrations.

Hemotoxins

Hemotoxins, haemotoxins or hematotoxins area unit toxins that destroy red blood cells (that is, cause hemolysis), disrupt curdling, and/or cause organ degeneration and generalized tissue injury. The term hemotoxin is to a point a name since toxins that injury the blood additionally injury different tissues. Injury from a hemotoxic agent is commonly terribly painful and may cause permanent injury and in severe cases death. Loss of associate degree affected limb is feasible even with prompt treatment.

Enterotoxin

An cytotoxin could be a supermolecule toxin free by a organism that targets the intestines. Its target website is indicated among its name. Enterotoxins area unit chromosomally encoded or cellular inclusion encoded exotoxins that area unit created and secreted from many microorganism organisms. they're usually heat-stable, and area unit of low mass and soluble. Enterotoxins area unit ofttimes cytotoxic and kill cells by neutering the top membrane porousness of the tissue layer (epithelial) cells of the viscus wall. they're principally pore-forming toxins (mostly chloride pores), secreted by microorganism, that assemble to make pores in cell membranes. This causes the cells to die.

Sulfa Antibiotics

One of sulfonamides, the sulfa-related antibiotics which are used to treat bacterial and some fungal infections. The first sulfa drug was prontosil used to kill bacteria and fungi by interfering with their metabolism.

Natural food toxins

Naturally occurring plant toxins, just as manmade pesticides, usually disrupt metabolic processes by blocking certain enzymes. Possible effects range from hallucinogenic to degenerative and mutagenic. Three major groups of natural food toxins are alkaloids, bioactive amines, and fungal toxins. Worth mentioning are also purines, salicylates, pyrrolizidine alkaloids and carrageenan. Fortunately, most of natural food pesticides are intended for much smaller predators, and don't pack enough of a punch to harm humans. However, prolonged use of little known herbal preparations and teas carries the risk of harming your health.

Biodegradation

Biodegradation can be considered as a series of steps of biological degradation (or pathway) that ultimately result in the oxidation of the compound which most often results in the generation of energy. Xenobiotics in the body are removed by a process called xenobiotic metabolism. In this process, these compounds are degraded by the liver where the enzymes like cytochrome P450 activate the xenobiotic by the process of oxidation, hydrolysis, reduction or hydration and then, this activated compound conjugates with glucuronic acid, sulphuric acid or glutathione. These are then excreted out of the body by the usual excretion routes of urination, exhalation, sweating and excretion.

Drug metabolism

Drug metabolism is the study of interaction when two different drugs have taken together. It is difficult to diagnosis the reaction which has overcome with drugs at some cases in patients who take with number of medications /self-treatment with over the counter drugs. Treatment for drug interactions like adjustment of low dose .

 
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