Fraction

[Cl-]1.0M

[Cl-] 0.5 M

[Cl-]1.0M

[Cl-] 0.5 M

copper

nickel

copper

nickel

copper

cobalt

copper

cobalt

α0

1.92×10-6

1.92×10-6

2.36×10-5

2.36×10-5

1.92×10-6

1.92×10-6

2.36×10-5

2.36×10-5

α1

1.21×10-3

1.42×10-6

7.45×10-3

8.70×10-6

1.21×10-3

1.32×10-6

7.45×10-3

8.10×10-6

α2

4.80×10-6

1.50×10-6

1.48×10-1

4.60×10-5

4.80×10-2

9.80×10-7

1.48×10-1

3.00×10-6

α3

1.49×10-1

2.27×10-6

0.23

3.50×10-6

1.49×10-1

N/A

0.23

N/A

α4

0.8

2.21×10-6

0.61

1.70×10-6

0.8

N/A

0.61

N/A

Table 3: The fraction of metal ions presented in the mixture of metal ion system.