Study Aim of Comparison Comparing Group HVLT performance Significance
IR DR
Lacritz et al. [42] HVLT-R VS CVLT HVLT 26.3 (4.9) 10.2 (1.8) IR: r=0.74, p<0.001;         DR: r=0.65, p<0.001
CVLT 50.2 (9.7) 11.9 (2.5)
Shapiro et al. [7] NCI VS AD NCI 24.8 (5.1) - F=164.8, p<0.001
  AD  12.2 (5.3) -
NCI VS VaD NCI 24.6 (5.5) - F=56.4, P<0.001
  VaD 14.5 (5.8) -
Lacritz et al. [34] HVLT-R VS CVLT HVLT  11.4 (3.5) 0.6 (1.3) IR: r=0.36, p=0.02;         DR: r=0.62, p<0.001
CVLT 19.2 (6.9) 1.2 (2.0)
Gaines et al. [43] NCI VS Dementia NCI 25.3 (4.9) 8.9 (2.1) p<0.05
VaD 15.1 (4.8) 2.9 (2.5)
AD 12.2 (4.8) 1.3 (1.5)
Foster et al. [40] NCI VS Mild AD VS mod AD NCI 26.0 (9.6) 4.4 (2.2) IR: F=54.47, p<0.0001
mild AD 14.0 (1.5) 4.7 (2.5)
moderate AD 8.8 (1.0) 1.0 (2.1)
Baek et al. [32] NCI VS MCI VS AD NCI 20.6 (4.3) 6.4 (2.1) IR: F=66.12, p<0.001;         DR: F=81.6, P<0.001
MCI 16.3 (4.3) 3.4 (2.5)
AD 12.4 (4.1) 1.4 (2.1)
McLaughlin et al. [44] DLB VS AD DLB 2.5 (1.8) 1.2 (2.0) IR: p<0.04;                      DR: p=0.01
AD 1.6 (1.1) 0.0 (0.3)
Gómez-Tortosa et al. [38] Baseline MCI (DI<8) 15.4 (3.0) 2.3 (1.9) IR: p<0.001;                   DR: p<0.0001
MCI (DI>=8) 16.8 (3.0) 3.5 (1.9)
48 ±12 Months follow-up MCI (stable) 16.7 (3.0) 3.6 (1.8) IR: p=0.001;                   DR: p<0.0001
MCI (progression) 15.2 (3.1) 1.8 (1.9)
Table 4: Comparison of the HVLT immediate and delay recall performance .Notes: CVLT=California Verbal Learning Test; IR=Immediate Recall;DR= Delayed Recall;VaD= Vascular Dementia;AD= Alzheimer’ Disease; DLB= Dementia with Lewy Bodies; DI= Discrimination Index based on HVLT performance
Goto home»