Stage Developmental stage DPH SL °C.day Food source
1 Yolk sac larva 0–9 4.28±0.11 0–108 endo- and exogenous
2 Preflexion larva 10–25 5.35±0.30 122.1–340.7 exogenous
3 Flexion larva  26–33 5.90±0.78 355–456.4 exogenous
4 Postflexion larva 34–49 10.52±0.82 470.8–685.7 exogenous
Table 1: Main developmental stages of ballan wrasse larvae based on external morphological observations. All stages are related to age as days post hatching (DPH), mean standard length (SL) in mm ± standard deviation of larvae (n=5) at the end of each stage, degree days (°C.day), and food source.
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