Fish specie Probiotic Prebiotic Parameters investigated Reference
O. mykiss
P. olivaceus
O. mykiss
L. crocea
R. canadum
E. faecalis
B. clausii
E. faecium
B. subtilis
B. subtilis
MOS, PHB
MOS, FOS
FOS
FOS
Chitosan
GP, BC, IR, HP , DR
GP, FU, BC, DEA, HP, IR
GP, SR, BC, HP
SR, GP, IR, DR
SR, GP, IR, DR
Rodriguez-Estrada et al [31]
Ye et al [32]
Mehrabi et al [34]
Ai et al [35]
Geng et al [36]
Fish genera abbreviations: O. = Onchorhynchus, P. = Paralichtys, L. = Larimichthys, R. = Rachycentron.
Bacterial genera abbreviations: E. = Enterococcus, B. = Bacillus.
Prebiotic abbreviations: PHB- plyhydroxybutyrate acid, MOS- Mannan oligosaccharide, FOS- fructooligosaccharide.
Parameters investigated: GP- growth performance, BC- body composition, IR- immunological
response, HP- haematological/serum biochemical parameters, DRdisease resistance, FU- feed utilisation, DEA- digestive enzyme activity, SR- survival rate.
Table 1: Summary of fish synbiotic studies.
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