Birth Parent Problems
  Absent   Present
Birth Outcomes N M SD N M SD
Birth Weight (grams) 189 3227.12 537.29 114 3223.27 575.24
Gestational Age (weeks) 126 39.49 1.76 74 39.64 2.00
Head Circumference (inches) 63 13.71 0.88 35 13.46 0.51
Birth length (inches) 178 19.88 1.25 100 19.84 0.99
Facial Measures            
Mean Palpebral Fissure Length (z-score) 195 -0.85 1.53 120 -1.07 1.39
Upper Lip Circularity 195 76.29 31.06 120 79.20 30.59
WAIS-III Index Scores            
Verbal Comprehension*** 195 106.39 14.44 120 100.84 13.19
Perceptual Organization 195 106.74 13.66 120 105.64 14.27
Processing Speed 195 111.85 13.36 120 110.51 14.35
WMS-III Index Scores            
General Memory Index** 194 107.97 14.23 120 104.27 17.71
Immediate Memory Index 194 109.55 13.44 120 104.71 17.25
Working Memory Index 194 108.37 15.09 120 106.04 19.47
Pre-morbid cognition (ITBS)** 183 60.17 25.29 111 52.04 26.68
Note. WAIS-III = Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale, 3rd Edition. WMS-III = Weschler Memory Scales, 3rd Edition. ITBS = Iowa Tests of Basic Skills. Signifi cant Mann-Whitney U differences (* p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001).
Table 3: Study Variables by Birth Parent Problems.
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