Community sample
Critical lower limb ischemia HIV infection  
Yes No
Sample size 430 25 192
% Males 35.3 84.0 69.3
Age (years) 44 ± 18 49 ± 10*†† 64 ± 11*
Black African (%) 100 92 59
Body mass index (kg/m2) 29.5 ± 8.3 23.8 ± 4.2* 26.3 ± 5.2*
Waist circumference (cm) 90.6 ± 18.1 77.1 ± 14.6* 85.8 ± 17.1*
% Obese 41.4 8.0* 19.3*
% Hypertensive 44.7 16.0*† 67.7*
% Receiving antihypertensives 26.1 16.0*† 67.7*
% With diabetes mellitus 9.1 8.0† 49.5*
% Receiving glucose-lowering agents 6.3 4.0 10.9
% Receiving lipid-lowering agents 0 100 100
Current smoker (%) 15.8 72.0* 66.7*
Regular alcohol (%) 22.8 68.0* 55.2*
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 128 ± 22 129 ± 20† 137 ± 21*
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 83 ± 13 79 ± 12 80 ± 12
Glycated hemoglobin (%) 6.05 ± 1.29 5.95 ± 0.51 7.74 ± 2.56*
Total/HDL cholesterol 3.49 ± 1.17 3.86 ± 1.29 4.06 ± 1.74
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.65 ± 0.90 2.32 ± 0.79 2.16 ± 0.99
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.41 ± 0.45 1.20 ± 0.44 1.09 ± 0.46*
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.16 ± 0.66 1.47 ± 0.78* 1.35 ± 0.64*
CD4 count (x106/l) - 325 ± 122 -
HIV- Human Immundeficiency Virus. * p<0.0001 versus community sample; † p<05, ††p<0.001 versus no evidence of HIV.
Table 1: Characteristics of participants.
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