Characteristics Total PTB-HIV co-infection HIV mono-infection P value*
N (%) N (%) N (%)  
Age (yrs)
<29
29-34
35-41
>41
Median (IQR)

56 (25.7)
55 (25.2)
56 (25.7)
51 (23.4)
34 (28-41)

5 (23.8)
6 (28.6)
5 (23.8)
5 (23.8)
34 (28-41)

51 (25.9)
49 (24.9)
51 (25.9)
46 (23.3)
34 (29-41)
0.98   



   
0.96**
Sex       0.10
Male 87 (39.9) 12 (51.7) 75 (38.1)  
Female 131 (60.1) 9 (42.9) 122 (61.9)  
Residence
Plateau
Others

141 (64.7)
77 (35.3)

16 (76.2)
5 (23.8)

125 (63.5)
72 (36.6)
0.34
Education level
None
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary

21 (9.6)
49 (22.5)
79 (36.2)
69 (31.7)

0 (0.0)
6 (28.6)
6 (28.6)
9 (42.8)

21 (10.7)
43 (21.8)
73 (37.1)
60 (30.4)
0.27
Occupation
Student
Unemployed
Employed

19 (8.6)
30 (15.2)
150 (76.1)

2 (9.5)
1 (4.8)
18 (85.7)

17(18.6)
30 (15.2)
150 (76.1)
0.51
Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced/ Separated
Single

143 (65.6)
16 (7.3)
15 (6.9)
44 (20.2)

14 (66.7)
2 (9.5)
0 (0.0)
5 (23.8)

129 (65.5)
14 (7.1)
15 (7.6)
39 (19.8)
0.66
Spouse HIV status
Positive
Negative

103 (47.2)
115 (52.8)

13 (61.9)
8 (38.1)

90 (45.7)
107 (54.3)
0.17
Spouse on ARV drugs
On ARV
Not on ARV
22 (10.1) 196 (89.9) 0 (0.0) 21 (100.0) 22 (11.2) 175 (88.8) 0.14
Mode of HIV transmission Heterosexual
Blood transfusion
213 (97.7) 5 (2.3) 20 (95.2) 1 (4.8) 193 (98.0) 4 (2.0) 0.40
WHO clinical stage
1
2
3
4

39 (19.6)
48 (24.1)
67 (33.7)
45 (22.6)

0 (0.0)
2 (9.5)
6 (28.6)
13 (61.9)

39 (21.9)
46 (25.8)
61 (34.3)
32 (18.0)
<0.001
HBV status
Positive
Negative

14 (6.4)
204 (93.6)

4 (19.1)
17 (80.9)

10 (5.1)
187 (94.9)

0.03
Oropharyngeal candidiasis Present
Absent

45 (20.6)
173 (79.4)

11 (52.4)
10 (47.6)

34 (17.3)
163 (82.7)
0.001
Chronic diarrhoea
Present
Absent

35 (16.1)
183 (83.9)

9 (42.9)
12 (57.1)

26 (13.2)
171 (86.8)
0.002
Kaposi sarcoma
Present
Absent

8 (3.7)
210 (96.3)

1 (4.8)
20 (95.2)

7 (3.5)
190 (95.5)
0.56
HIV RNA Log viral load (copies /ml)
<4.0
4.0-4.9
> 5.0
Median (IQR)
 

31 (14.2)
122 (56.0)
65 (29.8) 4.6(4.2-5.0)


2 (9.5)
8 (38.1)
11 (52.4)
5.0 (4.4-6.0)


29 (14.7)
114 (57.9)
54 (27.4)
4.6 (4.2-5.0)
0.08
0.03
CD4 count (per  mm3)
≤ 50
51-100
101-200
>200
Median (IQR)

30 (13.8)
29 (13.3)
60 (27.5)
99 (45.4)
185 (92 – 280)

10 (47.6)
6 (28.6)
5 (23.8)
0 (0.0)
53 (31-93)

20 (10.2)
23 (11.7)
55 (27.9)
99 (50.2)
201 (115-291)
<0.001
*Fisher’s exact test for the association between categorical variables and PTB-HIV co-infection [20] **Wilcoxon rank sum test for comparison of median values
Table 1: Characteristics of Adults Initiating HIV Care at JUTH by PTB-HIV Coinfection Status.
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