HIV-1 patients Control group p (significance level 95%)
24-hours Ambulatory Blood Pressure (BP) Monitoring
Mean day systolic BP (mmHg) 148.15 149.04 0.8574
Mean day diastolic BP (mmHg) 90.91 89.22 0.9026
Mean day frequency beats per minute (bpm) 79.57 78.44 0.6254
Mean night systolic BP(mmHg) 129.54 128.88 0.9123
Mean night diastolic (mmHg) 78.70 79.82 0.7895
Mean night frequency (bpm) 70.58 71.72 0.7734
Dipper*
Yes 71.42% 78.58%  
No 28.58% 21.42%  
ECG
S V3 11.29 10.93 0.8276
R aVL 6.50 7.00 0.7063
QT 0.39 0.40 0.2390
FC 68.50 70.86 0.6044
left ventricular overload**
Yes 57.2% 35.7%  
No 42.8% 64.3%  
Left ventricular hyperthrophy***
Yes 64.3% 35.7%  
No 35.7% 64.3%  
Left Ventricular Internal Dimension diastole (mm) 46.88 48.90 0.3127
Left Ventricular Internal Dimension systole (mm) 27.15 30.23 0.0190
Interventricular septum (mm) 11.58 10.44 0.0244
Posterior wall (mm) 10.49 8.94 0.0082
Left ventricular Ejection fraction (%) 74.29 72.86 0.4816
E wave velocity 58.84 73.94 0.0003
A wave velocity 72.75 60.02 0.0040
Isovolumic relaxation time (msec) 117 96 0.0057
Left atrium (mm) 29.27 29.93 0.6589
Aortic root (mm) 33.46 30.70 0.0678
Relative wall thickness 0.50 0.40 0.0020
Left ventricular mass (LVM) (g) 231.92 196.94 0.1767
LVM indexed to body surface area (g/m2) 117.86 101.93 0.2016
* p-value = 1
** p-value = 0.4495
*** p-value = 0.2568
ECG parameters were expressed in mV (1 mV = 10 mm).
Table 1: Results of 24-hr ABPM, ECG and echocardiographic evaluations and comparison with the control group.
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