Variables Progressors
n = 1814 (%)
Non-progressors
n = 1107 (%)
PR (95 CI%) P Value
Age group at diagnosis, years        
<20 69 (3.8) 48 (4.3) 1  
20-29 415(22.9) 278( 25.1) 1.1 (0.9-1.2)  
30-39 659 (36.3) 356 (32.2) 1.1 (1.0-1.2)  
40-49 496 (27.3) 267 (24.1) 0.9 (0.7-1.0)  
50-59 140 (7.7) 131 (11.8) 0.9 (0.7-1.3)  
≥60 35 (1.9) 27 (2.4) 1.0 (0.8-1.3)  
Diagnosis facility        
Public 420 (23.2) 305 (27.6) 1  
Private 1365 (75.3) 698 (63.1) 1.1 (1.1-1.3) 0.0172
Federal 8 (0.4) 6 (0.5) 1.0 (0.5-2.0)  
Unknown 21 (1.2) 98 (8.9) 0.3 (0.1-1.4)  
Exposure category        
Heterosexual contact only 874(48.2) 534 (48.2) 1  
IDU only 302 (16.7) 60 (5.4) 1.3 (1.2-1.5) <0.0001
IDU and heterosexual contact 285 (15.7) 125 (11.3) 1.1 (1.0-1.3)  
Other 12 (0.7) 1 (0.1) 1.5 (0.8-2.6)  
Risk not identified 341 (18.8) 387 (35.0) 0.8 (0.7-0.9) <0.0001
Insurance        
Medicaid 688 (37.9) 251 (22.7) 0.9 (0.7-1.0)  
Private 372 (20.5) 114 (10.3) 0.9 (0.8-1.1)  
No coverage 162 (8.9) 29 (2.6) 1  
Other 240 (13.2) 163 (14.7) 0.7 (0.6-0.9) 0.0005
Clinical trials/Government 12 (0.7) 62 (5.6) 0.2 (0.1-0.3) <0.0001
Unknown 340 (18.7) 488 (44.1) 0.6 (0.5-0.8) <0.0001
DC ward of residence at diagnosis        
1 189 (10.4) 108 (9.8) 1.0 (0.5-2.1)  
2 97(5.4) 47 (4.2) 1.1 (0.5-2.3)  
3 8 (0.4) 5 (0.5) 1  
4 195 (10.8) 110 (9.9) 1.0 (0.5-2.1)  
5 279 (15.4) 205 (18.5) 0.9 (0.5-1.9)  
6 256 (14.1) 139 (12.6) 1.1 (0.5-2.1)  
7 376 (20.7) 223 (20.1) 1.0 (0.5-1.9)  
8 414 (22.8) 270 (24.4) 1.0 (0.5-2.0)  
Most recent CD4 count (cells/µl)
<200
≥200
Missing
1038(57.2
719 (39.6)
57 (3.1)
0 (0.0)
860 (77.7)
247 (22.3)
2.2 (2.0-2.4)
1
NA
<0.0001
Most recent viral load (copies/ml)
400
>400
Missing
243 (13.4)
600 (33.1)
971 (53.5)
217 (19.6)
358 (32.3)
532 (48.1)
1
1.2 (1.1-1.4)
NA
0.0252
Treatment/service referrals        
Has this patient been informed of HIV infection?        
Yes 1684(92.8) 963 (87.0) 1.3 (1.1-1.6)  
No 39 (2.2) 46 (4.1) 1  
Missing 91 (5.0) 98 (8.9) NA  
This patient is receiving or has been referred for:        
HIV related medical services
Yes
No
Missing
1530 (84.3)
201 (15.7)
83 (4.6)
694 (62.7)
413 (37.3)
43 (3.9)
1.6 (1.4-1.9)
1
NA
<0.0001
Substance abuse treatment services
Yes
No
Missing
393 (21.7)
1226 (67.6)
195 (10.7)
121 (10.9)
874 (78.9)
112 (10.2)
1.3 (1.2-1.4)
1
NA
<0.0001
This patient received or is receiving:        
Anti-retroviral drugs
Yes
No
Missing
1256 (69.2)
327 (18.0)
231 (12.7)
496 (44.8)
385 (34.8)
226 (20.4)
1.5 (1.3-1.7)
1
<0.0001
PCP prophylaxis
Yes
No
Missing
832 (45.9)
719 (39.6)
263 (14.5)
110 (9.9)
732 (66.1)
265 (23.9)
1.8 (1.6-2.0)
1
<0.0001
Percent of African American residents living below the federal poverty line        
≤30% 1046 (57.7) 615 (55.6) 1.0 (0.9-1.1)  
>30% 768 (42.3) 492 (44.4) 1  
Highest education level        
High school education or lower        
≤50% 296 (16.3) 165 (14.9) 1.0 (0.9-1.2)  
>50% 1519 (83.7) 941 (85.1) 1  
Some college        
≤15% 401 (22.1) 236 (21.3) 1.0 (0.9-1.1)  
>15% 1413 (77.9) 871 (78.7) 1  
Associates degree        
≤30% 1771 (97.6) 1068 (96.5) 1.2 (0.9-1.6)  
>30% 43 (2.4) 39 (3.5) 1  
Bachelor’s degree        
≤30% 1765 (97.3) 1089 (98.4) 0.9 (0.6-1.1)  
>30% 49 (2.7) 18 (1.6) 1  
Graduate degree        
≤15% 1633 (90.0) 1006 (90.9) 1.0 (0.8-1.1)  
>15% 181 (10.0) 101 (9.1) 1  
HIV care and treatment facility within census tract        
Yes 893 (49.2) 534 (48.2) 1.0 (0.9-1.1)  
No 921 (50.8) 573 (51.7) 1  
Single-female household with children        
≤15% 1716(94.6) 1055 (95.3) 1  
>15% 98 (5.4) 52 (4.7) 1.1 (0.9-1.3)  
Place of residence        
Rented        
≤50% 711 (39.2) 404 (36.5) 1.0 (1.0-1.1)  
> 50% 1103 (60.8) 703 (63.5) 1  
Owned        
≤50% 1539 (84.8) 935 (84.5) 1.1 (0.8-1.1)  
>50% 275 (15.2) 172 (15.5) 1  
Table 2: Demographic, clinical, behavioral, and sociostructural correlates of AIDS progression/an AIDS diagnosis among African American women living with HIV infection through 2008, District of Columbia.
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