Family Social Support SD (n=39) No. (%) NSD (n=78) No. (%) Total (n=117) No. (%) OR € (95% CI)
Lives with at least one parent 17 (43.6) 39 (50) 56 (47.9) 0.8 (0.36, 1.67)
Family (spouse and/or parents) involved “a lot” with HIV care 18 (46.2) 43 (55.1) 61 (52.1) 0.7 ( 0.31, 1.47)
Received financial support from parents or relatives in the last 30 days 20 (51.3) 31 (39.7) 51 (43.6) 1.6(0.74, 3.46)
Formal Social Support in the last 30 Days
Community outreach services 14 (35.9) 19 (24.4) 33 (28.2) 1.7 (0.76, 4.00)
HIV case management services 12 (30.8) 18 (23.1) 30 (25.6) 1.5(0.63, 3.50)
HIV support group membership 19 (48.7) 32 (41) 51 (43.6) 1.4 (0.63, 2.96)
Substance Use in the last 30 days
Cocaine 0 0 0 --
Heroin * 5 (12.8) 3 (3.8) 8 (6.8) --
Amphetamines/stimulants * 1 (2.6) 1 (1.3) 2 (1.7) --
Tranquilizers/downers 14 (35.9) 8 (10.3) 22 (18.8) 4.9 (1.84, 13.07)
Other narcotics or opiates * 3 (7.7) 3 (3.8) 6 (5.1) --
Combined substance use £ 18 (46.2) 10 (12.8) 28 (23.9) 5.8 (2.3, 14.6)
Alcohol use once a week or more * 3 (7.7) 3 (3.8) 6 (5.1) --
Marijuana use once a week or more * 1 (2.6) 5 (6.4) 6 (5.1) --
Treatment
Methadone Maintenance 18 (46.2) 16 (20.5) 34 (29.1) 3.3 (1.44, 7.66)
ARV Adherence 13 (33.3) 14 (17.9) 27 (23.1) 2.4 (0.98, 5.76)
€OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval. Significant estimates were bolded and italicized.
*Too few subjects for OR estimation.
£Combined category of ever using in the last 30 days any of heroin, amphetamines/stimulants, tranquilizer/downers, and other narcotics or opiates.
Table 2: Univariate analyses for social support, substance use, and treatment effects in relation to symptoms of depression (SD) (N=117).
Goto home»