Variables Crude HR (95% CI) P value AHR (95% CI) Pvalue
Marital status        
Married 1 - 1 -
Single 2.69 (1.55, 4.66) 0.001 2.31 (1.18, 4.50) 0.015
Separated 0.40 (0.05, 2.94) 0.367 0.13 (0.014, 1.21) 0.073
Divorced 1.41 (0.82, 2.41) 0.215 1.47 (0.80, 2.71) 0.215
Widowed 1.15 (0.54, 2.44) 0.719 1.27 (0.56, 2.86) 0.566
Educational status        
No education 5.66 (1.38, 23.29) 0.016 4.73 (1.07, 22.40) 0.038
Primary 4.26 (1.01, 17.91) 0.048 3.83 (0.80, 18.30) 0.082
Secondary 1.54 (0.34, 7.05) 0.575 2.43 (0.50, 12.01) 0.281
College/Above 1 - 1 -
Functional status        
Working 1 - 1 -
Ambulatory 6.16 (3.21, 11.82) 0.000 2.12 (1.05, 4.26) 0.035
Bedridden 15.42 (8.05, 29.53) 0.000 5.91 (2.87, 12.16) 0.000
WHO staging        
Stage I&II 1 - 1 -
Stage III 5.28 (2.60, 10.71) 0.000 4.00 (1.83, 8.74) 0.000
Stage IV 16.22 (7.93, 33.20) 0.000 7.36 (3.17, 17.12) 0.000
BMI for age        
≥18.5 Kg/m2 1 - 1  
< 18.5 Kg/m2 2.27 (1.41, 3.66) 0.001 2.20 (1.18, 4.09) 0.013
CD4 category        
≥ 200 1 - 1 -
125-200 3.87 (2.05, 7.27) 0.000 1.33 (0.65, 2.72) 0.440
50-125 5.62 (3.04, 10.41) 0.000 2.24 (1.08, 4.65) 0.031
< 50 17.36 (9.96, 30.28) 0.000 2.70 (1.26, 5.80) 0.011
Anemia        
Normal 1 - 1 -
Mild 1.16 (0.56, 2.42) 0.695 1.16 (0.52, 2.60) 0.724
Moderate 3.27 (1.69, 6.32) 0.000 2.90 (1.36, 6.16) 0.006
Severe 8.01 (4.53, 14.17) 0.000 4.57 (2.30, 9.10) 0.000
TB co-infected        
Yes 2.21 (1.35, 3.62) 0.002 2.30 (1.28, 4.11) 0.005
No 1 - 1 -
Table 3: Predictors of mortality among adult PLHIV receiving ART in Somali region, Ethiopia [N=784], May 2013
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