Variables Category TB Status  
aNO(N=520) YES(N=130) bP
Age in year, Mean ± cStd. Error of mean 33.6±0.4 33.4±0.8 .85
Gender Male, N (%) 165(31.7) 56(43.1) .02
Female, N (%) 355(68.3) 74(56.9)
Residence Rural, N (%) 125(24) 35(26.9) .57
Urban, N (%) 395(76) 95(73.1)
Marital status Never married N (%) 102(19.6) 26(20) .16
Ever married, N (%) 418(80.4) 56(43.1)
Educational level Illiterate/ Primary, N(%) 285(54.8) 76(58.5) .17
Secondary,   N (%) 175(33.7) 39(30)
Tertiary, N (%) 60(11.5) 15(11.5)
dWHO stage Stage I-III, N (%) 491(94.4) 85(65.4) <.001
Stage IV, N (%) 29(5.6) 45(34.6)
eART regimens fTDF based 196 (37.7%) 53(40.8%) <.001
Non TDF based 324 (62.3%) 77(59.2%)
Functional status Working, N (%) 378(72.7) 51(38.7) <.001
Ambulatory, N (%) 127(24.4) 66(50.8)
Bed ridden, N (%) 15(2.9) 13(10)
Weight in kg, Mean ± Std. error of mean 52.0±0.4 49.1±0.8 .003
CD4 in cells/mm3, Mean ±Std. error of mean 153.8±3.8 128.7±9.7 .006
gBMI in kg/m2 , Mean ±Std. error of mean 19.4±0.1 18.2±0.3 <.001
Table 1: Characteristics of Study Participants at the Time of ART Initiation, December – August 2012, JUSH, Ethiopia.
aTB absent when therapy is initiated, bp-value obtained from chi-square or student t-test analysis, cstandard error of mean, dWorld Health Organization, antiretroviral therapy, f tenofovir, gbody mass index, N is a denominator
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