Variables N Mean±SD Minimum Maximum
Brachial SBP*a, mmHg 174 125.5(118-135) 95 198
Brachial DBP*b, mmHg 174 81(74-88) 61 121
Brachial PP*c, mmHg 174 45.5(40-50) 25 91
Heart rate, bpm 177 69±12 42 107
MAP*d, mmHg 161 95(88-103) 73 146
Carotid SBP*, mmHg 161 113(105-124) 89 205
Carotid DBP*, mmHg 161 81(75-88) 61 120
Carotid PP*, mmHg 161 33(28-38) 21 97
cf-PWV*e †, m/s 173 8.3(7.5-9.5) 5.8 16.9
Theoretical PWV *‡, m/s 174 8.0(7.4-9.1) 5.6 13.5
Carotid AIxf, % 161 1.0±18.6 -50.0 42.6
Pulse pressure amplification, % 156 1.38±0.20 1.02 1.96
Carotid plaque, n(%) 158 18(11)    
IMTg, mcm 173 738±152 460 1405
Continuous variable are presented as mean ± standard deviation (SD); discrete variables as number (percent);
*For skewness distribution, median (interquartile range) is presented;
†Calculated as direct distance divided by transit time multiplied by 0.8;
‡Calculated by age category on the basis of mean blood pressure; test for difference between cf-PWV and Calculated Theoretical PWV: Mann-Whitney U test; p=0.09;
aSBP: Systolic Blood Pressure;
bDBP: Diastolic Blood Pressure;
cPP: Pulse Pressure;
dMAP: Mean Arterial Pressure;
ecf-PWV: Carotid-femoral Pulse Wave Velocity;
fAIx: Augmentation Index;
gIMT: Intima-media thickness.
Table 2: Central and peripheral arterial parameters.
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