Variable Categories Cases No (%) Controls No (%) COR(95%CI) P-value
Water source Protected 111(82.8) 124(92.5) 1.000  
  Unprotected 23(17.2) 10(7.5) 2.569(1.172, 5.635) 0.019*
Water point Private 46(34.3) 82(61.2) 1.000  
  Public 88(65.7) 52(38.8) 3.017(1.834, 4.963) < 0.001*
Water distance from house(in minutes)
  <5minutes 20(37.7) 60(69.0) 1.000  
  >5minutes 33(62.3) 27(31.0) 3.667(1.789,7.514) < 0.001*
Daily water consumption(L)
  > 20/p/day 18(13.4) 25(18.7) 1.000  
  < 20/p/day 116(86.6) 109(81.3) 1.234(0.65, 2.334) 0.517
Water storage container
  Jerikan 104(77.6) 118(88.1) 1.000  
  Pot 13(9.7) 4(3.0) 3.687(1.166, 11.66) 0.026 *
  Bucket/tanker 17(12.7) 12(9.0)  1.607(0.733, 3.523) 0.236
Treat non potable water
  Yes 45(33.6) 63(47.0) 1.000  
  No 89(66.4) 71(53.0) 1.755(1.071, 2.875) 0.026*
Distance of water from latrine
  > 30meter 36(26.9) 25(18.7) 1.000  
  < 30meter 98(73.1) 109(81.3) 1.602(0.898, 2.857) 0.111*
Hand washing before food preparation
  Yes 72(53.7) 90(67.2) 1.000  
  No 62(46.3) 44(32.8) 1.761(1.073, 2.890) 0.025*
Facility used for hand washing
  Soap 103(76.9) 122(91.0) 1.000  
  Ash 11(8.2) 6(4.5) 2.172(0.776, 6.075) 0.140
  None 20(14.9) 6(4.5) 3.948(1.528, 10.201) 0.005*
*Variables which show significant association during the bivariate analysis at P < 0.25.
Table 3: Univariate analysis for the association between water supply and hygiene related factors and diarrheal diseases, Jimma town ART clinics, March 2013.
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