Variable Categories Cases No (%) Controls No (%) COR(95%CI) P-value
Household latrine
  Yes 120(89.6) 119(88.8) 1.000  
  No 14(10.4) 15(11.2) 1.080(0.500,2.336) 0.844
Type of latrine
  Flush /WC 8 (6.7) 3(2.5) 1.000  
  Pit Latrine 105 (87.5) 102(85.7) 0.386(0.100, 1.496) 0.168
  VIP Latrine 7 (5.8) 14(11.8) 0.188(0.038,0.936) 0.041*
Latrine cover presence
  Present 34(25.6) 52(38.8) 1.000  
  Absent 99(74.4) 82(61.2) 1.794(1.068, 3.014) 0.027*
Hand washing facility near latrine
  Present 21(15.8) 16(11.9) 1.000  
  Absent 112(84.2) 118(88.1) 0.723(0.359, 1.456) 0.364
Solid waste disposal site
  On field 37(27.6) 40(29.9) 1.000  
  Pit 46(34.3) 54(40.3) 0.921(0.508, 1.670) 0.786
  Garbage container 26(19.4) 7(5.2) 4.015(1.558, 10.349) 0.004*
  Burn 25(18.7) 33(24.6) 0.819(0.413, 1.626) 0.568
Pets in the house
  Present 59(44.0) 46(34.3) 1.505(0.919, 2.465) 0.104*
  Absent 75(56.0) 88(65.7) 1.000  
Contact with pets
  Present 58(98.3) 43(93.5) 4.047(0.407, 40.251) 0.233*
  Absent 1(1.7) 3(6.5) 1.000  
Insects and rats at home
  Present 128(95.5) 120(89.6) 2.489 (0.926, 6.687) 0.071*
  Absent 6(4.5) 14(10.4) 1.000  
Refrigerator in the house
  Present 20(14.9) 39(29.1) 1.000  
  Absent 114(85.1) 95(70.9) 2.340(1.279, 4.280) 0.006*
Frequency of cooking
  1-2 110(82.1) 109(81.3) 1.051(0.566, 1.953) 0.874
  >3 24(17.9) 25(18.7) 1.000  
Eat Raw/uncooked food
  Yes 34(25.4) 18(13.4) 2.191(1.166, 4.117) 0.015*
  No 100(74.6) 116(86.6) 1.000  
*Variables which show significant association during the bivariate analysis at  P<0.25.
Table 4: Univariate analysis for the association between Sanitation related factors and diarrheal diseases, Jimma town ART clinics, March 2013.
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