Variable Categories Cases No (%) Controls No (%) COR(95%CI) P-value
CD4 count
  <200 11(8.8) 13(10.7) 0.802(0.344, 1.866) 0.608
  >200 114(91.2) 108(89.3) 1.000  
WHO stage
  Stage I/II 100(74.6) 125(93.3) 1.000  
  Stage III/IV 34(25.4) 9(6.7) 1.352(0.629, 2.908) 0.440
Previous Hospitalization history
  Yes 20(14.9) 4(3.0) 5.702(1.893, 17.173) 0.002*
  No 114(85.1) 130(97.0) 1.000  
PreviousGIT Disorder
  Yes 51(38.1) 12(9.0) 6.24(3.140, 12.429 ) < 0.001*
  No 83(61.9) 122(91.0) 1.000  
Other Opportunistic Infection
  Yes 91(67.9) 42(31.3) 4.636(2.771, 7.755) < 0.001*
  No 43(32.1) 92(68.7) 1.000  
History of Diarrhea
  Yes 80(59.7) 29(21.6) 5.364(3.136, 9.176) < 0.001*
  No 54(40.3) 105(78.4) 1.000  
Currently taking ART
  Yes 106(79.1) 105(78.4) 1.046(0.582, 1.877) 0.881
  No 28(20.9) 29(21.6) 1.000  
Currently taking Cotrimoxazole Prophylaxis
  Yes 88(65.7) 99(73.9) 1.000  
  No 46(34.3) 35(26.1) 1.479(0.875, 2.500) 0.144*
History of Poor Adherence
  Yes 8(7.6) 16(15.1) 1.000  
  No 97(92.4) 90(84.9) 2.156(0.880, 5.280) 0.093*
*Variables which show significant association during the bivariate analysis at P<0.25
Table 5: Univariate analysis for the association between clinical factors and diarrheal diseases, Jimma town ART clinics, March 2013.
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