Characteristics Total Children who
Died
Children who survived P value
Age (years)
<1 85 (12.3) 12 (37.5) 73 (11.1) <0.001
1-5 353 (51.1) 15 (46.9) 338 (51.3) -
6-10 179 (25.9) 5 (15.6) 174 (26.4) -
>10 74 (10.7) 0 (0) 74 (11.2) -
Median (IQR) 3.7 (1.8, 6.9) 1.7 (0.6, 3.6) 3.9 (1.8, 10.3) <0.001
Sex
Male 353 (51.1) 22 (68.8) 331 (50.2) 0.03
Female 338 (48.9) 10 (31.2) 328 (49.8) -
Follow-up time (years)
Median (IQR) 4.4 (1.8, 5.9) 0.1 (0.03, 0.5) 4.7 (2.2, 6.0) <0.001
Pulmonary TB
Yes 51 (7.4) 5 (15.6) 46 (7.0) 0.07
 No 640 (92.6) 27 (84.4) 613 (93.0) 0.07
Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis
No 117 (16.9) 5 (15.6) 112 (17.0) 0.84
Yes 574 (83.1) 27 (84.4) 547 (83.0)  
WHO clinical stage
3 or 4 284 (41.1) 16 (50.0) 268 (40.7) 0.41
1 or 2 354 (51.2) 15 (46.9) 339 (51.4)  
Missing 53 (7.7) 1 (3.1) 52 (7.9)  
Oral thrush
Yes 24 (3.5) 2 (6.0) 22 (3.3) 0.38
No 666 (96.4) 30 (94.0) 636 (96.5)  
Missing 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.2)  
Weight-for-age Z score
<-3.0 147 (21.3) 12 (37.5) 135 (20.5) 0.06
>-3.0 466 (67.4) 20 (62.5) 446 (67.7)  
Median (IQR) -1.8 (-2.9, -0.8) -2.6 (-4.0, -0.9) -1.8 (-3.0, -0.8)  
Missing 78 (11.3) 0 (0.0) 78 (11.8) 0.1
Haemoglobin level (g/dl)
<8 34 (4.9) 2 (6.3) 32 (4.9) 0.61
>8 609 (88.1) 25 (78.1) 584 (88.6)  
Median (IQR) 10 (9, 11) 10 (9, 11) 10 (9, 11)  
Missing 48 (7.0) 5 (15.6) 43 (6.5) 0.31
CD4 count (cells/ μl)
Median (IQR) 480 (249, 810) 572 (234, 896) 476 (250, 809) 0.57
Missing 55 (7.9) 5 (15.6) 50 (7.6)  
CD4%
Median (IQR) 17 (10, 26) 14 (10, 21) 17 (10, 26) 0.49
Missing 134 (19.4) 8 (25.0) 126 (19.1)  
Severe immunodeficiency
Yes 283 (41.0) 16 (50.0) 267 (40.5) 0.11
No 354 (51.2) 11 (34.4) 343 (52.1)  
Missing 54 (7.8) 5 (15.6) 49 (7.4)  
HIV RNA viral load (copies/ ml)
Median (IQR) 45552 (7646, 204188) 170133 (39203, 728188) 44579
(6638, 201000)
0.01
Missing 286 (41.4) 15 (46.9) 390 (59.2)  
HIV RNA Log viral load (copies/ml)
>10.5 218 (31.5) 12 (37.5) 206 (31.3) 0.04
<10.5 187 (27.1) 3 (9.4) 184 (27.9)  
Median (IQR) 10.7 (8.9, 12.2) 12.0 (10.6, 13.5) 10.7 (8.8, 12.2)  
Missing 286 (41.4) 17 (53.1) 269 (40.8) 0.01
Table 1: Baseline characteristics of 691 HIV-1 infected children initiated on ART between 2005-2013 at the Jos University Teaching Hospital who died or survived . Data are presented as No. (%) or median (interquartile range). *P value for Chi squared or Fisher’s exact test for the association between a variable and death; and Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test for comparison of two medians
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