Characteristics Bivariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Crude HR (95% CI) P value Adjusted HR (95% CI) P value
Age (years)
Per 1 yr increase 0.7 (0.64-0.91) 0.003 0.76 (0.62-0.94) 0.01
>5.0 1.00 (Ref) - - -
<5.0 3.45 (1.20, 9.94) 0.02 - -
Sex
Female 1.00 (Ref)   0.03  
Male 2.42 (1.07, 5.50) - - -
Pulmonary TB
No 1.00 (Ref)   - -
Yes 2.16 (0.75, 6.22) 0.15 - -
Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis
Yes 1.00 (Ref) -    
No 0.78 (0.27, 2.26) 0.65 - -
Thrush
No 1.00 (Ref) - - -
Yes 2.23 (0.53, 9.34) 0.28 - -
WHO clinical Stage
1 or 2 100 (Ref) - - -
3 or 4 1.58 (0.74, 3.37) 0.24 - -
Weight-for-age Z score
>-3.0 1.00 (Ref) - - -
<-3.0 2.11 (1.0, 4.5) 0.05 - -
Haemoglobin level (g/dL)
<8 g/dL 1.00 (Ref) - - -
>8 g/Dl 1.58 (0.37, 6.74) 0.53 - -
Severe immunodeficiency
No 1.00 (Ref) - - -
Yes 1.92 (0.83, 4.44) 0.13 - -
Table 2: Predictors of mortality in HIV-1 infected children initiated on ART between 2005-2013 at the Jos University Teaching Hospital.
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