Characteristics Male Female
Age group N (%) Ever tested (%) p-value N (%) Ever tested (%) p-value
15-24 5,162 (36.6) 1,940(37.56) <0.001 6,852(41.5) 2,881(42.0) <0.001
25-34 3,956 (28.0) 1,998 (50.5) 5,279(32.0) 2,436(46.2)
35-49 3,749 (26.6) 1,621 (43.2) 4,370(26.5) 1,598(36.6)
50-59 1,242 (8.8) 432 (34.8)    
Region
Tigray 1384 (9.8) 746(53.9) <0.001 1,726 (10.5) 1,027(59.5) <0.001
Afar 1000 (7.1) 294(29.4) 1,291 (7.8) 307(23.8)
Amhara 1965 (13.9) 801 (40.8) 2,087 (12.7) 709(34.0)
Oromia 2060 (14.6) 693(33.6) 2,130 (12.9) 755 (35.5)
Somalia 715 (5.1) 123(17.2) 913 (5.5) 92 (10.1)
Benishangulgumuz 1138 (8.1) 458(40.3) 1,258 (7.6) 451(35.9)
SNNP 1699 (12.0) 702(41.3) 2,034 (12.3) 675(33.2)
Gambela 940 (6.7) 431(45.9) 1,129 (6.8) 410(36.3)
Harari 972 (6.9) 409(42.1) 1,099 (6.7) 631(57.4)
Addis Ababa 1318 (9.3) 785 (59.6) 1,740 (10.5) 1,148(66.0)
Dire Dawa 918 (6.5) 549 (59.8) 1,094 (6.6) 710 (64.90)
Residence
Urban 4215 (29.9) 2,536(60.2) <0.001 5,325(32.3) 3,508(66.0) <0.001
Rural 9894 (70.1) 3,455(34.9) 11,176(67.7) 3,407(30.5)
Education level
No education 4449(31.5) 1,166 (26.2) <0.001 8,270(50.1) 2,299 (27.8) <0.001
Primary 6670 (47.3) 2,884(43.2)   5,852(35.5) 2,836(48.5)  
2nd and above 2990(21.2) 1,941(64.9)   2,379(14.4) 1,780(74.8)  
Wealth/index
Poor 4,956 (35.1) 1,347(27.2) <0.001 4,956(35.1) 1,391(22.8) <0.001
Middle 2,154( 15.3) 812( 37.7) 2,266(13.7) 769(33.9)
Rich 6,999(49.6) 3,832(54.8) 8,128(49.3) 4,755(58.5)
Religion
Orthodox 6125(43.4) 3,108(50.7) <0.001 6,992 (42.4) 3,738 (53.5) <0.001
Protestant 2216(15.7) 876(39.5) 2,933 (17.8) 977 (33.3)
Muslim 5315(37.7) 1,854(34.9) 6,162(37.4) 2,112 (34.3)
Others 450(3.2) 153(28.9) 406 (2.5) 85 (20.9)
Marital status
Single 5653(40.1) 2,290(40.5) <0.001 4,413 (26.7) 1,825(41.4) <0.001
Married 7929(56.2) 3,422(43.2) 10,191 (61.8) 4,149(40.7)
Separated 527(3.7) 279(52.9) 1,897 (11.5) 941(49.6)
Having job
No 1193(8.53) 419 (35.1) <0.001 7,984 (48.84) 2,826(35.4) <0.001
Yes 12788(91.47) 5,517(43.1) 8,364 (51.16) 4,012(48.0)
Wife’s age
<24 2,178 (15.44) 1,063(48.8) <0.001 NA NA <0.001
25-34 3,359(23.81) 1,457(43.4)    
35-44 1,825(12.94) 718(39.3)    
>45 6,747 (47.82) 2,753 (40.8)    
Husband’s age
15-24     <0.001 616( 3.7) 249(40.4) <0.001
25-34     3,356(20.3) 1,547(46.1)
34-44     3,271(19.8) 1,372(41.9)
>45     9,258( 56.1) 3,747(40.5)
Husbands education
No education NA NA <0.001 6,060(50.2) 1,695(28.0) <0.001
Primary NA NA 4,081(33.8) 1,963(48.1)
Secondary and above NA NA 1,924(16.0) 1,423(74.0)
**NA: Not Applicable; N: Number of respondents
Table 1: HIV Counseling and Testing Service Utilization in relation to Socio demographic Characteristics of Male and Female in Ethiopia.
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