Characteristics Male Female
COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI) COR(95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
Age group
15-24 1 1 1 1
25-34 1.69(0.56,1.84) 1.43(1.28,1.61) 1.18(1.09,1.26) 1.10(0.99,1.22)
35-49 1.26(1.16,1.38) 1.15(1.00,1.31) 0.79(0.73,0.86) 0.76(0.68,0.85)
50-59 0.89(0.78,1.01) 0.92(0.78,1.09) NA NA
Region
Tigray 1 1 1 1
Afar 0.36(0.30,0.42) 0.45(0.37,0.56) 0.21(0.18,0.25) 0.33(0.27,0.41)
Amhara 0.59(0.51,0.68) 0.77(0.66,0.89) 0.35(0.31,0.40) 0.40(0.35,0.47)
Oromia 0.43(0.38,0.50) 0.38(0.32,0.44) 0.37(0.33,0.43) 0.38(0.32,0.45)
Somalia 0.18(0.14,0.22) 0.22(0.17,0.29) 0.08(0.06,0 .10) 0.10(0.08,0.13)
BenishangulGumuz 0.58(0.49,0.68) 0.72(0.60,0.87) 0.38(0.33,0.44) 0.48(0.40,0.58)
SNNP 0.60(0.52,0.69) 0.68(0.57,0.81) 0.34(0.29,0.39) 0.50(0.42,0.59)
Gambela 0.72(0.61,0.86) 0.58(0.48,0.71) 0.39(0.33,0.45) 0.51(0.42,0.62)
Harari 0.62(0.53,0.73) 0.32(0.26,0.39) 0.92(0.79,1.06) 0.47(0.39,0.58)
Dire Dawa 1.25(1.08,1.47) 0.75(0.61,0.93) 1.32(1.15,1.52) 0.42(0.35,0.49)
Addis Ababa 1.27(1.07,1.51) 0.71(0.58,0.87) 1.26(1.08,1.47) 0.85(0.69,1.04)
Place of residence
Urban 1 1 1 1
rural 0.36(0.33,0.38) 0.86(0.77,0.96) 0.23(0.21,0.24) 0.57(0.51,0.65)***
Education level
No education 0.19(0.17,0.21) 0.35(0.30,0.39) 0.13(0.12,0.14) 0.27(0.24,0.32)
primary 0.41(0.38,0.45) 0.64(0.58,0.71) 0.32(0.28,0.35) 0.55(0.48,0.62)
Secondary and above 1 1 1 1
Wealth index
Poor 0.31(0.29,0.33) 0.58(.53,0.64) 0.21(0.19,0 .23) 0.49(0.44,0.55)
Middle 0.50(0.45,0.55) 0.83 (0.74,0.94) 0.36(0.33,0.40) 0.72(0.64,0.82)
Rich 1 1 1 1
Religion
Orthodox 1 1   1
Protestant 0.64(0.58,0.70) 0.76(0.66,0.86) 0.43(0.41,0.49) 0.69(0.61,0.79)
Muslim 0.52(0.48,0.56) 0.87 (0.79,0.97) 0.45(0 .43,0.50) 1.04 (0.94,1.16)
Others 0.50(0 .40,0.61) 0.81 (0.64, 1.03) 0.23(0.09,0.20) 0.47 (0.35,0.62)
Marital status
Single 1 1 1  
Married 1.12(1.04,1.19) 1.67(1.49,1.88) 0.97(0.91,1.05) 3.20(2.86, 3.58)
separated 1.65(1.38,1.98) 1.90(1.54,2.35) 1.39(1.25 ,1.55) 3.24(2.79, 3.76)
Job status
No 0.71(0.63,0.81) 0.65(0.56, 0.75) 0.59(0.56,0.63) 0.80(0.74,0.86)
yes 1 1 1 1
HIV knowledge
Low 0.24(0.22,0.27) 0.51(0.45,0.57) 0.19(0.17,0.21) 0.48(0.42,0.54)
High 0.55(0.51,0.59) 0.73(0.68,0.80) 0.57(0.52,0.62) 0.83(0.74,0.92)
Comprehensive 1 1 1 1
HIV risk level
No risk 0.62(0.58,0.66)   1.01(0.89, 1.16)  
Risk 1      
HIV stigma level
No stigma 1 1 1 1
Low stigma 0.67(0.62,0.73) 0.85 (0.78,0.94) 0.54(0 .51,0.59) 0.76(0.69,0.83)
Medium stigma 0.36(0.33,0.40) 0.67(0.60,0.75) 0.23(0.21,0.25) 0.52(0.47,0.59)
High stigma 0.23(0.210.26) 0.50(0.44,0.58) 0.13(0.11,0.16) 0.37(0.30,0.45)
Media exposure        
No 0.38 (0.35,0.41) 0.70(0.64,0.77) 0.27(0.25,0.29) 0.71(0.65,0.77)
Yes 1      
Number of sex partners
No partner 2.11( 1.72,2.57)      
Only one 2.37(1.94 ,2.90)      
More than 1 1      
Wife’s age
<24 1      
25-34 0.80(0.72,0.90)      
35-44 0.68(0.60,0.77)      
>45 0.72(0.66,0 .80)      
Husband’s education        
No education NA NA 0.14(0.12,0.15)  
primary NA NA 0.33(0.29,0 .37)  
Secondary and above NA NA 1  
ANC visit
No NA NA 0.13(0 .12,0.15)  
Yes NA NA 1  
Table 4: Factors Associated with HIV Testing Service Utilization among Male and Female Genders in Ethiopia, using EDHS 2011.
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