HIV+
n = 129
HIV/HCV+
n = 65
P<
Bone mineral density      
Overall ( femoral neck or lumbar spine)      
Osteopenia (n, %) 58 (44.9) 27 (41.5) ns
Osteoporosis (n, %) 27 (20.9 ) 23 (33.8) 0.05
Low BMD (n, %) 28 (21.7 ) 24 (36.9) 0.04
Femoral neck      
DXA Z-score  ± SD -0.3 ( -2.5-2.2) -0.8 (-3.3-1.7) 0.02
Low BMD (n, %) 8 (6.2) 7 (10.7) ns
DXA T-score -0.6 (-2.8–1.8) -1 (-3.6-1.4) 0.02
Osteopenia (n, %) 47 (36.4) 24 (36.9) ns
Osteoporosis (n, %) 3 (2.3) 5 (7.7) ns
Lumbar spine      
DXA Z-score  -0.9 (-3.7-2.7) -1.3 (-4.5-1.3) 0.02
Low BMD (n, %) 27 (20.9) 24 (36.9) 0.03
DXA T-score  ± SD -1.3 (-3.9-2.3) -1.7 (-5.2-1) 0.05
Osteopenia (n, %) 50 (38.7) 24 (36.9) ns
Osteoporosis (n, %) 26 (20) 23 (35.3) 0.02
HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus; HCV: Hepatitis C Virus; BMD: Bone Mineral Density; DXA: Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry.
Table 3: Bone mineral density measurements of the 194 study patients.
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