HIV risk behaviors (dependent variables)   Place of solicitation
Street based1 Brothel based2 Lodge based3 Home based4
Not using cell phone (N=1312) Using cell phone (N=223) Not using cell phone (N=626) Using cell phone
(N=104)
Not using cell phone (N=95) Using cell phone (N=173) Not using cell phone (N=239) Using cell phone (N=256)
Inconsistent condom use with occasional client in past week % (n) 20.1 (262) 39.5 (86) 19.2 (120) 56.3 (58) 42.6 (40) 69.4 (120) 50.6 (118) 49.2 (126)
Adjusted OR (95% CI) Referent 2.0 (1.4-2.8) Referent 4.5 (2.8-7.1) Referent 2.5 (1.4-4.3) Referent 0.8 (0.5-1.1)
Inconsistent condom use with regular client in past week % (n) 26.0 (327) 43.0 (95) 31.7 (177) 61.6 (61) 61.8 (55) 82.6 (138) 55.3 (126) 57.8 (145)
Adjusted OR (95% CI) Referent 1.7 (1.2-2.3) Referent 3.0 (1.9-4.7) Referent 1.8 (0.9-3.6) Referent 0.8 (0.5-1.2)
Experienced STI-related symptoms in past six months % (n) 67.3 (883) 81.2 (181) 60.7 (380) 88.5 (92) 59.0 (56) 91.3 (158) 72.8 (174) 82.8 (212)
Adjusted OR (95% CI) Referent 1.8 (1.3-2.6) Referent 4.2 (2.2-7.9) Referent 7.5 (3.7-15.2) Referent 1.8 (1.1-2.9)
Consumed alcohol prior to sex % (n) 52.2 (685) 60.1 (134) 49.5 (310) 77.9 (81) 46.3 (44) 64.7 (112) 54.0 (129) 60.6 (155)
Adjusted OR (95% CI) Referent 1.4 (1.0-1.8) Referent 3.3 (2.0-5.4) Referent 2.1 (1.2-3.6) Referent 1.5 (1.0-2.2)
Faced difficulty in condom negotiation % (n) 18.2 (239) 32.7 (73) 19.0 (119) 59.6 (62) 37.9 (36) 54.9 (95) 41.4 (99) 50.4 (129)
Adjusted OR (95% CI) Referent 1.9 (1.4-2.6) Referent 5.3 (3.3-8.5) Referent 1.9 (1.1-3.4) Referent 1.3 (0.8-1.8)
OR: Odds Ratio, CI: Confidence Interval
Multivariate models adjusted for respondent’s age, educational status, marital status, income only from sex work and age at initiation of sex work.
1Street-based sites include on the road sites, railway station/bus stands, market areas, cinema halls, labor nakas and vehicles. Analysis was limited to a sub-sample of 1535 FSWs who solicit only in street-based sites irrespective their use of cell phone.
2Brothel-based sites include brothels and bar/night clubs. Analysis was limited to a sub-sample of 730 FSWs who solicit only in brothel-based sites irrespective their use
of cell phone.
3Lodge-based sites include hotels, lodges and dhabas. Analysis was limited to a sub-sample of 268 FSWs who solicit only in lodge-based sites irrespective their use of
cell phone.
4Home-based sites include client’s home, rented room and own home. Analysis was limited to sub-sample of 495 FSWs who solicit only in home-based sites irrespective their use of cell phone.
Table 4: Unadjusted percent and adjusted odds ratios predicting inconsistent condom use, sexually transmitted infection (STI), alcohol consumption prior to sex and difficulty in condom use negotiation within FSWs’ primary typology with use of cell phone as the predictor variable among FSWs in four states of India.
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