Adjusted Odds ratio     95% CI P-value
Age ≤ 40 years 1.67 0.69 - 4.05 0.25
Baseline CD4 cell count <200 cells/µL 0.85 0.36 - 2.01 0.72
Baseline hemoglobin <10 g/dl 3.50 1.47 - 8.36 0.005
Baseline WHO clinical stage 3-4 9.49 4.20 - 21.42 <0.0001
Current BMI <25 Kg/m2 1.06 0.51 - 2.20 0.86
Current CD4 cell count <200 cells/µL 3.43 1.49 - 7.92 0.003
Current hemoglobin <10 g/dl 0.55 0.16 - 1.91 0.34
Duration of HIV diagnosis <3 years 2.30 0.79 - 6.67 0.12
Female gender 1.03 0.41 - 2.55 0.95
HAART non-adherence 5.28 2.52 - 11.08 <0.0001
HAART duration <36 months 0.99 0.35 - 2.85 0.99
Household income < 20,000 2.70 1.18 - 6.18 0.02
People per room >2 1.11 0.49 - 2.53 0.80
Rural residence 0.98 0.46 - 2.07 0.95
Lower socio-economic class 0.70 0.31 - 1.62 0.41
BMI= body mass index; HAART= highly active antiretroviral therapy; WHO= world health organization
Table 5: Risk factors for opportunistic infections in patients on HAART (multivariateanalysis).
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