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Figure 1: Differential Diagnosis for Symptomatic Relapse of Cryptococcal Meningitis
Differential diagnosis for persons presenting with recurrent symptoms of cryptococcal meningitis. Pathologic mechanisms that can lead to symptomatic relapse of cryptococcal meningitis include microbiologic relapse, persistent infection, immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), or unrelated causes that can mimic cryptococcal meningitis. Potential causes of each pathologic mechanism are listed and discussed further in the text.
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