Reference

Study Design

N

GFR estimatea

Confirmed  GFR <60

Proteinuria assessed

Prevalence of CKD

Incidence of CKD

Choi et. al 2007

Cohort Study

15,135

MDRD

No

No

7.1%

1.4% (ESRDd)

Wyatt et al. 2007

Cross-sectional

1,239

MDRD

No

Yes

15.5%

-

Lucas et al. 2008

Cohort Study

4,259

MDRD

Yes

Yes

6.7%

-

Campbell et al. 2009

Cross-sectional

3,439

MDRD

Yes

No

2.4%

-

Choi et al. 2009

Cohort Study

615

MDRD

No

No

7.8%

-

Mocroft et al. 2010

Cohort Study

6,843

CGc

Yes

No

4.1%

3.3%

Flandre et al. 2011

Cohort Study

7,378

MDRD

Yes

No

-

4.7%

aGFR: glomerular filtration rate
bMDRD: Modification of Diet in Renal Disease
cCG: Cockcroft-Gault creatinine clearance
dESRD: end-stage renal disease

Table 2: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in HIV-infected individuals (United States and Europe).
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