Variable Pre-Intervention (Rest) Pre-Intervention (Exercise)  
Heart Rate (bpm) 77.3 ± 14.6 108.3 ± 15.4 <0.001
LV Stroke Volume (ml) 61.0 ± 18.7 77.8 ± 19.9 <0.001
Cardiac Output (l/min) 4.68 ± 1.32 8.05 ± 2.17 <0.001
LV EF (%) 57.5 ± 9.7 62.9 ± 9.4 <0.001
LV EDV (ml) 106.2 ± 34.5 126.8 ± 34.3 <0.001
LV Myocardial Mass (g) 125.7 ± 32.2 -----  
RV SV  (ml) 60.2 ± 12.3 81.3 ± 16.6 <0.001
RV EDV (ml) 146.8 ± 34.5 178.6 ± 38.1 <0.001
RV EF (%) 40.7 ± 5.2 45.1 ± 6.1 <0.001
RV Myocardial Mass (g) 68.8 ± 11.6 -----  
LV, left ventricle; RV, right ventricle; EF, ejection fraction; EDV, end diastolic volume
Table 2: Computed Tomography Results at Study Entry in 42 Men with COPD.
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