Country:
City/Region
n Age Specific population Allergen (s) Prevalence (%) Method Study year [reference]
Botswana: Gaborone 55 Children & adults Allergic General 14.5% Hx + SPT 2008-2009 [9]
Ghana:
Greater Accra 
     region
1431 5–16 years School General 5% SPT+sIgE+ questionnaire 2006-2008 [10]
Kenya:
Nairobi
Nairobi
574
72
Children & adults
Children & adults
General
Allergic
General
General
0.5%
18.1%
Hx
SPT
1983-1988 [11]
1990-1991 [12]
Mozambique:
Maputo
447 Adults University General 19.2% Self-report 2004* [13]
Nigeria:
Ile- Ife
Enugu
185
1019
Unknown
Children & adults
Asthmatics
Eczema
General
General
3.8%
3.5%
Intradermal ST+Hx
Self-report
1978* [14]
1998-2000 [15]
South Africa:
Bloemfontein
Johannesburg
Pretoria
Cape Town
Cape Town
Cape Town
Cape Town
Cape Town
Cape Town
Cape Town
771
468
100
59
105
105
578
161
400
220
3 months-15 years
1 month-18 years
2 months-20 years
5-13 years
Children & adults
Children & adults
Adults
1-2 years
Children
Teenagers
Allergic
Asthmatic
Asthmatic
Asthmatic
Volunteer
Volunteer
Fish worker
Eczema
Allergic
High school
Wheat/milk
Wheat/peanut
Peanut/egg
Sulphur dioxide
Prawns/crayfish Fish/Abalone
Anisakis/fish
Egg/milk
General
General
24.4%/9.5%
30.4%/18.2%
9%/7%
43.2%
46.7%/43.8%
15%/21.3%
8%/6%
47%/28.4%
13%
5.4%
sIgE
SPT
SPT
OFC
Questionnaire
Hx+SPT+sIgE
SPT
sIgE
SPT+sIgE
SPT
1984-1993 [16]
1994-1995 [17]
2006-2007 [18]
1992* [19]
1996* [20]
1996* [20, 21]
2005* [22, 23]
2002-2004* [24]
2008* [25]
2007* [26]
Zimbabwe:
‘Urban areas’
650 Children & adults Allergic Apple/crab 24%/22% sIgE 2002* [27]

Hx – history; SPT – skin prick test; sIgE– food specific IgE; ST – skin test; OFC – oral food challenge.
*- study year not specified, hence year of submission or publication is listed.

Table 1: African country-specific prevalence of food allergy
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