Direct Indirect
Aspiration of gastric contents
Breathing in smoke or toxic fumes
Ventilator-induced injury
Near drowning
Lung contusion
Ischemia/reperfusion injury (eg. lung transplantation)
Hemorrhagic shock/Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury (TRALI)
Major trauma or burn injury
Acute pancreatitis
Adverse drug reaction
Fat embolism
Table 1: Causes of Acute Lung Injury. The major causes of acute lung injury are listed based on whether they cause direct or indirect injury to the lung.
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