Characteristics

Men (n = 220)

Women (n = 87)

Unadjusted OR

Adjusted OR

Unadjusted OR

Adjusted OR

Age (25 years or less)

0.93 (0.46-1.87)

1.39 (0.54-3.56)

Being married

0.91 (0.35-2.37)

0.89 (0.32-2.47)

Some higher education

0.49 (0.23-1.01)

0.95 (0.37-2.43)

Monthly income < 15,000 rubles

1.92 (0.94-3.92)

1.50 (0.52-4.34)

Unemployed

2.12 (1.05-4.30)

2.42 (1.12-5.26)

1.17 (0.46-3.01)

Ever had an STIa

2.25 (1.11-4.57)

2.47 (1.14-5.34)

1.16 (0.45-3.02)

Number of sexual partner in the past 3 months

 

 

 

 

          1

Reference

Reference

Reference

          2

0.79 (0.32-1.94)

5.91 (1.45-24.09)

5.73 (1.36-24.06)

          3 or more

0.54 (0.23-1.26)

6.04 (1.45-25.18)

4.46 (1.03-19.41)

Commercial sex workersb

1.39 (0.28-6.96)

Intravenous drug useb

3.45 (0.92-12.88)

4.66 (1.11-19.54)

Alcohol usec

 

 

3.48 (1.29-9.38)

3.03 (1.05-8.80)

          1st quartile

7.33 (2.00-26.87)

7.54 (2.00-28.51)

          2nd quartile

Reference

Reference

          3rd quartile

2.25 (0.53-9.46)

2.32 (0.53-10.10)

          4th quartile

6.27 (1.67-23.52)

5.06 (1.31-19.63)

aSTI: sexually transmitted infection
bCommercial sex worker and injection drug use were not included in the estimation among women due to small numbers.
cAlcohol use was categorized by using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Since a significant linear trend was observed for women, we presented alcohol use as alcohol misuse vs. non-misuse for women (a score ≥ 8 indicates alcohol misuse).
Table 2: Odds ratios (ORs) and 95 percent confidence intervals between alcohol use and depressive symptoms among men and women in St. Petersburg, Russia (N = 307) .