Parameters Younger participants
(<40 years old)
(n=75)
Older participants
(≥40 years old)
(n=28)
p-value
Tobacco smoking smokers 26 (34.7%) 5 (17.9%) NS
former smokers 16 (21.3%) 10 (35.7%)
non-smokers 33 (44.0%) 13 (46.4%)
Alcohol consumption each day 1 (1.3%) 1 (3.6%) <0.05
one or several times per week 23 (30.7%) 4 (14.3%)
several times per month 23 (30.7%) 4 (14.3%)
less frequently than several times per month / never 28 (37.3%) 19 (67.8%)
Regularly (at least once per week) participate in active leisure or sport 40 (53.3%) 12 (42.9%) NS
Fresh vegetable and fruit intake (days per week) (M±m) 4.7±0.3 4.7±0.4 NS
Fish intake (days per week) (M±m) 1.7±0.2 1.6±0.3 NS
Time of being in a sedentary position (hours per day) (M±m) 7.1±0.3 6.4±0.6 NS
Night-sleep duration (hours) (M±m) 7.1±0.2 7.2±0.3 NS
Have preventive medical examinations regularly 17 (22.7%) 8 (28.6%) NS
Report adequate care of health 9 (12.0%) 3 (10.7%) NS
Systolic BP (mm HG) (M±m) 123.9±1.9 147.2±4.6 <0.001
Systolic BP > 140 mm Hg 11 (14.7%) 15 (53.6%) <0.001
Diastolic BP (mm HG) (M±m) 75.8±1.1 84.8±1.9 <0.001
Diastolic BP > 90 mm Hg 7 (9.3%) 5 (17.9%) NS
Systolic BP / Diastolic BP > 140/90 mm Hg 3 (4.0%) 5 (17.9%) <0.05
Body mass index (Kettle’s index) kg/m2 (M±m) 20.7±0.6 22.8±0.7 <0.05
BMI > 25 kg/m2 14 (18.7%) 7 (25.0%) NS
Waist > 80 cm (females) / 94 cm (males) 12 (16.0%) 14 (50.0%) <0.001
Non-fasting blood glucose level (mmol/l) (M±m) 5.4±0.1 5.7±0.1 NS
*NS – non significant (p>0.05)
Table 2: Behavior and cardiometabolic differences between younger and older participants.
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