QUESTION n/N* (%) Correct answer
Knowledge of Sexual Transmission
Having more than one sexual partner without using protection will increase a person’s chances of becoming infected with HIV 226/230 (98.3) T
A person can be exposed to the HIV in one sexual contact 215/229 (93.9) T
The main body fluids that contain HIV are semen, blood, and vaginal secretions 223/231 (96.5) T
Oral intercourse carries risk for HIV transmission 188/230 (81.8) T
Pre-ejaculatory fluids carry the AIDS virus 214/225 (95.1) T
Only receptive (passive) anal intercourse transmits HIV 118/229 (51.5) F
Mean score (for correct responses) 1184/1374 (86.2)
Knowledge of Prevention
A person can protect him/herself from HIV infection by using a latex condom during sex 187/230 (81.3) T
Condoms makes intercourse completely safe 93/231 (40.3) F
Showering after sex greatly reduces the transmission of HIV 213/231 (92.2) F
Keeping in good physical condition is the best way to prevent exposure to HIV 120/230 (52.2) F
Mean score (for correct responses) 613/922 (66.5)
Knowledge of Blood Transmission
If someone infected with HIV uses injection drugs and shares needles, he/she can spread HIV 224/231 (97.0) T
HIV does not penetrate unbroken skin 164/230 (71.3) T
Donating blood carries a risk of getting HIV for the donor 84/230 (36.5) F
Mean score (for correct responses) 472/691 (68.3)
Knowledge of HIV Testing
A blood test is what tells you if you are infected with HIV 228/231 (98.7) T
If someone has a negative HIV test (meaning they don’t have HIV), that means they cannot get HIV 201/226 (88.9) F
Someone can have a negative HIV blood test and still have the virus 212/229 (92.6) T
Mean score (for correct responses) 641/686 (93.4)
Knowledge of Common Misconceptions
Only homosexual (“gay”) people can become infected with HIV 219/231 (94.8) F
A person can get HIV by sitting next to someone who is infected with HIV or by touching or hugging someone who is HIV infected 223/231 (96.5) F
You can always tell when a person is infected with HIV 196/228 (86.0) F
Most persons exposed to the HIV virus know they are exposed 113/230 (49.1) F
If a person has HIV but doesn’t know it, he/she can still give it to someone else 219/228 (96.1) T
Mean score (for correct responses) 1190/1379 (86.3)
Total mean score (for correct responses)# 4100/5052 (81.2)
* Number of respondents varied.
# Mean score of individual scores = 80.9%
Table 1: Description of HIV-related knowledge (percent responding correctly).