Intervention Group (N=144) Control Group (N=147) p-value
Demographics      
Age in years, mean (SE) 41 (0.8) 40 (0.6) 0.10
Female sex,% (n) 80% (115) 73% (107) 0.16
*WHO Stage, % (n)      
I or II 59% (53) 82% (79) <0.01
III 37% (34) 17% (16) <0.01
IV 6% (6) 1% (1) 0.05
CD4+ lymphocyte count , mean cells/µl (SE)  366 (21) 365 (20) 0.97
ART  in days, mean (SE) 777 (44) 864 (42) 0.15
Body mass index, mean kg/m2 (SE)      
All participants 20.7 (0.3) 21.5 (0.4) 0.06
Female 21.1 (0.4) 22.0 (0.4) 0.12
Male 19.2 (0.4) 20.3 (0.4) 0.06
Other characteristics      
No education, % (n) 12% (24) 14% (33) 0.21
Married, % (n) 43% (62) 47% (69) 0.51
Household size , mean(SE) 4.9 (0.1) 4.9 (0.1) 0.82
Number of durable assets owned ,mean(SE) 1.8 (0.2) 2.1 (0.2) 0.26
Abbreviations: ART: Antiretroviral Therapy; WHO: World Health Organization.
*WHO stage n=93 (intervention) and 96 (control) ART days-overall median is 995 days. Durable assets include bicycles, farm implements, mobile phones, household furniture, stove, refrigerator and vehicles
Table 2: Baseline characteristics of study participants.