Maroni Boatmen (n=127) KABP-ORS Guiana Men
(n=406)
 
    % %  
Knowledge of transmission routes (% of “yes” )      
Circumstances of known transmission      
During unprotected intercourse 92.9 97.6 0.01
Circumstances without transmission      
Through a mosquito bite 23.6 15.5 0.04
By shaking the hand of an infected person 4.8 2.6 0.21
During protected intercourse 11.0 17.8 0.07
By drinking from the same glass or eating from the same plate as an infected person * 7.9 8.6 0.80
AIDS is not a disease, it is a curse ** 30.7 -  
Knowledge of protection strategies (% of « certainly or almost efficient »      
Efficient      
Use of a male condom 72.4 95.2 <0.001
Use of a female condom 71.7 71.8 0.98
Inefficient      
Wash after intercourse 18.1 14.7 0.36
Withdraw before the end of intercourse 15.0 13.1 0.59
« complementary or alternatives »      
Ask question to one’s partner about her past sex life 38.9 39.4 0.92
Ask  partner to do an HIV/AIDS screening test 56.7 67.0 0.03
Regularly do an HIV/AIDS screening test 62.2 62.0 0.97
Choose partners that do not look sick *** 26.0 35.4 0.05
Have intercourse with a limited range of different partners 26.0 31.0 0.28
First intercourse      
Median age at first intercourse (in years) 14 15.4  
Declared use of condoms at first intercourse 7.9% 27.0% <0.001
Sexual activity, recourse to paid sex and Sexually transmitted infections (STI) during the past 12 months      
% having multiple partners (>1 partners in the last 12 months) 81.0% 21.1% <0.001
Use of condom during intercourse for those having multiple partners during the past 12 months 92.2% 81.1% <0.001
% declaring use of condom during last intercourse 57.7% 25.4% <0.001
At least one STI during the past 12 months 30.1% 3.2% <0.001
% declaring having had sexual intercourse with sex workers (at least once) in the past 12 months**** 50.4% 2.7% <0.001
HIV testing during lifetime      
% having never done an HIV test in their life 23.6 % 38.6% 0.002
*The question was : “By drinking in the glass of an infected person in the KABP Guiana study
** The question was not used in the KABP coastal French Guiana Study
*** The question was : “by choosing partners correctly” in the KABP Guiana study
**** The question was : « having paid for or been paid for sexual services » in the KABP Guiana study
Table 1: Comparison of main results from the boatmen study and the KABP-ORS Guiana 2004 study (Data from ORS Ile-de-France/ANRS–Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors towards HIV/AIDS in the French West Indies and Guiana in 2004).