Characteristics HAART+N=39 HAART–N=30 p value
Sex
Male
Female

24 (61.5%)
15 (38.5%)

10 (33.3%)
20 (66.7%)
0.02*
WHO clinical staging
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 4


0 (0.0%)
5 (12.8%)
31 (79.4%)
3 (7.8%)


1 (3.3%)
13 (43.3%)
14 (46.6%)
2 (6.7%)
0.02*
Hospital admissions
Yes
No

22 (56.4%)
17 (43.6%)

8 (26.7%)
22 (73.3%)
0.01*
Mother’s HIV status
Positive
Negative
Unknown

32 (82.0%)
3 (7.7%)
4 (10.3%)

21 (70.0%)
5 (16.7%)
4 (13.3%)
0.44
Level of education
Nursery
Primary
Junior secondary
Senior secondary

3 (7.7%)
27 (69.2%)
6 (15.4%)
3 (7.7%)

1 (3.3%)
25 (83.3%)
4 (13.3%)
0 (0.0%)
0.34
Socio-economic class
Upper (I and II)
Middle (III)
Lower (IV and V)

16 (41.0%)
16 (41.0%)
7 (18.0%)

10 (33.3%)
12 (40.0%)
8 (26.7%)
0.65
Mother’s level of education
Tertiary
Secondary
Primary
None

10 (25.6%)
20 (51.3%)
9 (23.1%)
0 (0.0%)

5 (16.7%)
15 (50.0%)
7 (23.3%)
3 (10.0%)
0.34

*p is significant
HAART+=children on HAART
HAART –=children not on HAART
Table 1: Clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of the HIV positive children on HAART and those not on HAART
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