Variables FA recipients (N=172) Controls (N=185) P-value
Gender n (%)      
Male 38 (22.09%) 60 (32.43%) 0.029
Female 134 (77.91%) 125(67.57%)  
Age in years, mean (SD) 38.52 (9.06) 36.61 (10.20) 0.014
Marital status n (%)      
Unmarried 32 (18.60%) 67 (36.22%) 0.000
Married 86 (50%) 96 (51.89%) 0.721
Widow 50 (29.07%) 14 (7.57%) 0.000
Education levels n (%)      
No formal education 82 (47.67%) 30 (16.22%) 0.000
Primary education 76 (44.19%) 108 (58.38%) 0.007
Secondary education 14 (8.14%) 47 (25.41%) 0.000
University 0 (0 %) 3 (0.55 %)  
Occupation n (%)      
At work 25 (14.53%) 96 (51.89%) 0.000
Not at work 147 (85.47%) 89 (48.11%)  
Household size n (%)      
≤ 4 members 74 (43.02%) 75 (40.54%) 0.635
> 4 members 98 (56.98%) 110 (59.46%)  
Missing 13.63 % 8.94 %  
Months per period *, mean (SD)      
Pre 12.65 (6.85) 8.62 (3.34)  
During  7.27 (6.05) 8.55 (3.42)  
Post 10.15 (5.85) 8.50 (3.51)  
Gaps per period **, mean      
Pre 2.14 1.06 0.201
During 1.2 1.1 0.03
Post 1.8 1.05 0.001
* Periods: Pre= before food assistance, during= during food assistance, post = after food assistance,
** Zero included in the mean, zero=37% of all cases in the total sample
-Standard deviations are in the parentheses
- FA- food assistance
Table 1: Summary statistics of food assistance recipients and controls.
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