Characteristics HIV Status OR 95%CI P value*
Positive % Negative %
CD4 Count          
>200 18 (32.7) 37 (67.3) Ref    
≤200 11(68.8) 5(31.2) 0.24  0.065-0.855 0.028
Viral load categories           
≤1000 0 () 0.0  6 (100.0) Ref    
1001-10,000 4(22.2) 14(77.8)  36.06 1.028-1265.00  0.048
10,001-100,000 8(53.3) 7(46.7) 0.79 0.071-8.787 0.847
>100,000 17 (53.1)  15 (46.9) NA NA  NA
Viral load          
Undetectable  0 (0.0) 6 (100.0) NA   NA  0.90
Detectable   29 (44.6) 36 (55.4)      
Hepatitis B          
Negative    24 (38.7)           38 (61.3)    Ref    
Positive 5 (55.6)  4 (44.4) 0.58  0.132-2.548  0.470*
No association was found for Hepatitis C, Maternal anaemia, Marital status and Socioeconomic status . *= Yates’s continuity correction done, NA= Not available.
Table 3: Risk factors for HIV transmission during pregnancy.