Characteristics HIV Status OR 95%CI P value*
Positive % Negative %
Age Group          
≤6 weeks           11 (16.9)          54 (83.1)                      Ref    
>6 weeks – 6 months               22 (37.9)          36 (62.1)                      ------                  ------                             -----
>6 months – 12 months 25(39.7)         38(60.3)           2.20          0.750-6.440        0.151
>12 months                                19(50.0)         19(50.0)                      3.50                1.120-10.900              0.031
WAZ Score          
Not underweight 24 (21.1)  90 (78.9)   Ref    
Underweight  53(48.2)         57(51.8)                     0.40                 0.182-0.854                0.018
HAZ Score          
Not stunted 30 (27.0)     81 (73.0)       Ref    
Stunted 47(41.6) 66(58.4)  0.77    0.360-1.631   0.490
WHZ Scores          
Not wasted 44 (28.2)         112 (71.8)                   Ref    
Wasted                                        33(48.5)         35(51.5)                    0.53                 0.265-1.058               0.072
No. of  hospitalization          
Nil hospitalization        40 (27.6)       112 (72.4)              Ref    
1-2                                                 32(46.4)          37(53.6)                   2.63                 0.721-9.555               0.143
>2                                                  5(50.0)             5(50.0)                    1.16                 0.307-4.358                0.830
GA at birth          
≥ 37weeks         76 (36.2)           134 (63.8)                                Ref    
<37 weeks                                   1(7.1)                13(92.9)                 7.37                  0.946-57.465             0.057
Oral thrush          
No                                                 64 (31.5)            139 (68.5)               Ref    
Yes                                                13(61.9)            8(38.1)                   0.28                  0.112-0.718               0.008
Mode of Feeding          
EBF                                                12 (12.0)           88 (88.0)      Ref    
Mixed BMS+BF                         14(21.2)           52(78.8)                   59.64             20.810-170.900         <0.001
EBMS                                            51(87.9)          7(12.1)                     27.83               9.770-79.290            <0.001
Partial PMTCT          
Mother had  & baby After 72 hours             1 (5.0)        19 (95.0)         Ref    
Only mother  had ART                     28(54.9)                    23(45.1)           0.298        0.137-0.650           0.002
Only baby had ART                           17(35.4)                     31(64.6)          0.604        0.267-1.366          0.226
Mother & baby did not had ART     31(29.5)                    74(70.5)           6.660      0.804-55.147         0.079     
No association was found for Breast abscess, Breast engorgement and No of children in the household. *= Yates’s continuity correction done, GA=gestational age. No. of hospitalization= Prior number of hospitalizations at presentation.
Table 5: Some risk factors in babies, mode of feeding and partial PMTCT interventions.