Risk factors N (%)
Farming 69(78.4)
Yes 19(21.6)
No  
Family member smokes cigarette  
Yes 8(9.1)
No 80(90.9)
Mode of HIV acquisition  
MTCT 82(93.2)
Blood transfusion 6(6.8)
Sexual abuse ever -(0.0)
Has received blood transfusion  
Yes (number of times)  
1 10(11.4)
2 4(4.5)
3 4(4.5)
8 1(1.1)
No 69(78.5)
History of opportunistic infection(s)  
Herpes Zoster  
Yes 3(3.4)
No 85(96.6)
Chronic diarrhoea  
Yes 35(39.8)
No 53(60.2)
Oral thrush  
Yes 7(7.9)
No 81(92.1)
Esophageal candidiasis  
Yes 4(4.5)
No 84(95.5)
Pulmonary tuberculosis  
Yes 20(22.7)
No 68(77.3)
Pneumonia  
Yes 17(19.3)
No 71(80.7)
Recurrent sepsis  
Yes 6(6.8)
No 82(93.2)
Steroid use  
Yes 1(1.1)
No 87(98.9)
Current opportunistic infection(s)  
Herpes zoster 0(0.0)
Yes 88(100.0)
No  
Chronic diarrhea  
Yes 5(5.7)
No 83(94.3)
Oral thrush  
Yes 2(2.3)
No 86(97.7)
Esophageal candidiasis  
Yes 2(2.3)
No 86(97.7)
Fluconazole use( 3 month before study)  
Yes 2(2.3)
No 86(97.7)
Pulmonary Tuberculosis  
Yes 10(11.4)
No 78(88.6)
Pneumonia  
Yes 3(3.4)
No 85(96.6)
Sepsis  
Yes 0(0.0)
No 88(100.0)
Steroid use  
Yes 0(0.0)
No 88(100.0)
NB=No prior history of cryptococcosis and no meningism among the subjects
Table 2: Some risk factors for Cryptococcosis in the cohort.