Variable AHR (95% CI) P values
Absolute CD4 count    
Above threshold 1 1
Below threshold 3.33 (1.401-7.923) 0.006*
Hemoglobin (n=522)    
≥ 10 gm/dl 1 1
< 10 gm/dl 2.49 (1.348-4.610) 0.004*
WHO clinical staging    
Stage I/II 1 1
Stage III 1.17(0.543-2.558) 0.676
Stage IV 2.99 (1.237-7.245) 0.015*
Nutritional status    
Normal 1 1
Under weight 2.42 (1.239-4.744) 0.010*
Note: *p<0.05
Table 4: Multivariable Cox regression analysis of socio-demographic characteristics, clinical and immunological status among children started ART at Adama referral hospital and medical college, between January 1st, 2006 and December 30th, 2010.