Non-ART (n=10) differences* p ART (n=10)
Age (years) 46 (38-55) n.s. 46 (42-52)
Males : females 9 : 1 n.s 10 : 0
Estimated time from seroconversion (months) 30 (22-40) 0.005 117 (114-136)
Time HIV seropositive (months) 31 (15-44) 0.02 102 (46-120)
Nadir CD4+ T lymphocyte count (cells/μl) n.a.   190 (170-230)
Time from nadir (months) n.a.   56 (22-83)
Time on ART (months) n.a.   55 (27-81)
CD4+ T cells (cells/μl) 710 (550-840) n.s. 535 (390-690)
CD8+ T cells (cells/μl) 1313 (1195-2115) 0.004 880 (705-1140)
HIV RNA (copies/ml) 25000 (5400-64500) <0.001 <50 (<50 - <50)
β2-microglobulin (%) 1.7 (1.6-2.7) 0.012 1.3 (1.1-1.5)
IgG 15.4 (12.1-22.1) 0.01 11.0 (8.9-12.4)
CD38+ fraction of CD8+ T cells (%) 65 (61-74) 0.001 35 (28-41)
CD28+ fraction of CD8+ T cells (%) 24 (15-26) 0.045 42 (29-56)
* Mann-Whitney U Test
Table 1: Patient baseline characteristics.