Absolute (relative) HIV incidence
Actual infant feeding choice Mother and baby both received ART Only one member of the mother - baby pair received ART No member of the mother-baby pair received ART HIV incidence per feeding choice.
Exclusive formula feeding (n=426) 3/357
(0.8%)
1/30
(3.3%)
2/39
(5.1%)
6/426
(1.4%)
Exclusive breast feeding (n=94) 1/58
(1.7%)
1/21
(4.8%)
1/15
(6.7%)
3/94
(3.2%)
Mixed feeding (n=63) 1/16
(6.3%)
1/13
(7.7%)
8/34
(23.5%)
10/63
(15.9%)
HIV incidence per ART 5/431
(1.2%)
3/64
(4.7%)
11/88
(12.5%)
19/583
(3.3%)
Table 3: HIV incidence in babies caused by mother to child transmission (MTCT) by infant feeding type, with and without antiretroviral (ART) intervention as observed in Nnewi, Nigeria.