S.No Variables Opportunistic Infection COR 95% CI P-value
Absent Present Lower  Upper
1. Sex
Male
Female
127(69.8%)
155(64.3%
55(30.2%)
86(35.7%)
0.814 0.442
1
1.498 0.508
2. Age
<40 years old
≥ 40 years old
230(70.8%)
52(53.1%)
95(29.2%)
46(46.9%)
0.471 0.247
1
0.896 0.022*
3. Educational status
No education
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
72(59.0%)
105(70.9%)
73(69.5%)
32(66.7%)
50(41.0%)
43(29.1%)
32(30.5%)
16(33.3%)
0.809
1.144
1.119
1
0.402
0.529
0.361
1.630
2.471
3.469
0.553
0.733
0.846
4. Place of residence
Rural
Urban
83(65.9%)
199(67.0%)
43(34.1%)
98(33.0%)
0.956 0.513
1
1.782 0.888
5. Baseline WHO stage
Stage I-II
Stage III-IV
92(90.2%)
190(59.2%)
10(9.8%)
131(40.8%)
4.759 1
2.163
10.469 0.000*
6. Alcohol use
Yes
No
107(62.9%)
175(69.2%)
63(37.1%)
78(30.8%)
1.436 0.819
1
2.517 0.207
7. Cigarrate smoking
Yes
No
10(55.6%)
272(67.2%)
8(44.4%)
133(32.8%)
1.109 0.304
1
4.045 0.875
8. Khat use
Yes
No
7(41.2%)
275(67.7%)
10(58.8%)
131(32.3%)
4.733 1.185
1
18.915 0.028*
9. ART adherence
Good
Poor
273(69.3%)
9(31.0%)
121(30.7%)
20(69.0%)
0.163 0.0511 0.522 0.002*
10. Occupation
Employed
Not employed
127(69.0%)
155(64.9%)
57(31.0%)
84(35.1%)
0.974 0.521
1
1.820 0.934
11. Baseline CD4 count
<200
≥ 200
43(54.4%)
239(69.5%)
36(45.6%)
105(30.5%)
1.340 0.678
1
2.649 0.400
12. Current Hemoglobin level
<10
>10
23(36.5%)
201(71.8%)
40(63.5%)
79(28.2%)
0.313 1
0.162
0.605 0.001*
13. Marital status
Single**
Married
159(63.3%)
123(71.5%)
92(36.7%)
49(28.5%)
0.700 0.398
1
1.230 0.215
14. OI prophylaxis given***
Yes
No
25(55.6%)
257(68.0%)
20(44.4%)
121(32.0%)
2.186 0.937
1
5.102 0.070
15. Condom use
Yes
No
238(66.3%)
44(68.8%)
121(33.7%)
20(31.2%)
1.449 0.676
1
3.102 0.340
16. Recent weight 
<60kg
≥ 60kg
208(61.9%)
74(85.1%)
128(38.1%)
13(14.9%)
3.658 1.656
1
8.078 0.001*
*Significant association at 95% CI, ** Single includes: Widowed, Never married, Divorced and Separated *** OI prophylaxis include: Cotrmoxazole and/or INH and/or Fluconazole
Table 5: Multivariate analysis for selected variables with occurrence of opportunistic Infections among HIV Positive Patients taking Anti-Retroviral Therapy in Debre Markos Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia; 2013