VARIABLE VL < 400 (n=93) VL 400-10,000 (n=43) VL > 10,000 (n=38) P
Age (year) 45 ± 7 45 ± 7 46 ± 7 0.78
BMI (kg/m2) 26 (24, 29) 25 (23, 28) 25 (23, 28) 0.21
Log10 Viral Load (copies/mL) 2.3 (2.3, 2.3) 3.4 (3.0, 3.7) 4.6 (4.3, 5.1)  
Undetectable Viral Load (<400 copies/mL) 100% 0 0  
CD4 (count/mm3) 469 (305, 633) 392 (248, 585) 276 (137, 423) < 0.001
ART 95% 60% 50% < 0.001
NRTIs 90% 60% 50% < 0.001
NNRTIs 48% 14% 13% < 0.001
PIs 57% 33% 29% 0.002
HAART 84% 42% 42% < 0.001
PI & NRTI-HAART 38% 28% 29% 0.43
NNRTI and NRTI-HAART 28% 9% 13% 0.022
PI and NNRTI-HAART 18% 5% 0 0.002
hsCRP (µg/mL) 1.8 (0.7, 3.7) 1.8 (0.7, 3.8) 1.9 (0.8, 3.9) 0.97
TNF-alpha (pg/mL) 1.2 (0.9, 1.7) 1.8 (1.3, 2.7) 2.2 (1.5, 2.9) < 0.001
IL-6 (pg/mL) 1.5 (1.1, 2.6) 1.7 (1.2, 2.7) 1.8 (1.3, 3.6) 0.31
sICAM1-CD54 (ng/dL) 255 (172, 359) 309 (186, 403) 275 (219, 381) 0.30
HOMA > 2.6 39% 37% 36% 0.93
CAC (>400) 3% 5% 0% 0.42
Common cIMT (mm) 0.60 (0.51, 0.69) 0.57 (0.50, 0.66) 0.57 (0.53, 0.63) 0.34
Abnormal Common cIMT (> 0.645 mm) 34% 28% 19% 0.23
Normally distributed parameters are expressed as average ± SD.
Not normally distributed parameters are expressed as median (min, max).
Table 2a: Major characteristics in patients, tertiled by their viral load (VL)