Characteristics  ART treated  groups (n=70) ART naïve group (n=71) p-values
Sex: Female n (%) 51 (72.9) 51 (72.8) 0.9
Age (in years): mean (SD) 38.5 (8.7) 36.2 (8.9) 0.1
Residence n (%) Town 67 (100) 66 (94.3) 0.9
Rural  0 4 (5.7)
Time after HIV diagnosis mean (SD) 76.6 (78) 49.2 (29) 0.001
Last CD4 counts (cells/mL), median (IQR)  369 (263) 267(302) NA
CD4 < 200 (cells/mL), n (%) 9 (12.9) 23 (32.4) 0 .009
Active Smokers 1 (1.4) 6 (8.5)  
Frequent alcoholic habit, n (%) 0 1 (1.4) NA
BMI (kg/m2):  mean (SD) 22.2 (3.3) 22.4 (3.6) 0.7
<18 (underweight) 4 (6.1) 4 (6.0) NA
18-25 (normal weight) 53 (80.3) 50 (74.6)
>25 (overweight) 9 (13.6) 13 (19.4) 0.4
Medication other than ART, n (%) 1 (1.4) 2 (2.9)  
Opportunistic infection, n (%) 0 3 (4.2) NA
History of hypertension, n (%) 0 0 NA
*NA= not applicable, CI=confidence interval, SD=standard deviation, BMI= body mass index IQR= Interquartile range, ART= antiretroviral therapy
Table 1: General characteristics of study participants at TikurAnbesa specialized referral hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2012/13.