COL < 200 (n=184) COL≥ 200  (n=164) LDL-C < 100 (n=139) LDL-C ≥100 (n=172) TG < 150 (n=132) TG≥ 150  (n=157)
Gender n (%) Female
Male
77 (41.8)
107 (58.2)
75 (45.7)
89 (54.3)
49 (35.2)
90 (64.8)
52 (30.2)
120 (69.8)
54 (40.9)
78 (59.1)
65 (41.4)
92 (58.6)
Ethnicity n (%) Caucasian No Caucasian 108 (58.7)
76 (41.3)
100 (61.0)
64 (39.0)
71 (51.1)
68 (48.9)
88 (51.2)
84 (48.8)
78 (59.1)
54 (40.9)
97 (61.8)
60 (38.2)
Age (years)
40.0
34.0-46.0
42.0
36.0-46.0
38.0
30.0-45.0
40.0
32.0-46.0
40.5
34.2-46.8
41.0
36.0-45.0
BMI (Kg/cm2)
23.93
20.96-26.79
24.22
21.68-27.29
23.1
20.7-26.0
23.8
21.5-26.4
24.0
21.7-26.9
24.7
22.4-27.1
WC (cm)
89.5
82.5-94.8
90.0
86.0-98.0
88.0
81.0-97.0
89.0
84.0-95.0
90.0
84.0-97.0
90.0
87.0-98.0
HAART n (%) Yes
No
124 (67.4)
60 (32.6)
142 (86.6)*
22 (13.4)
87 (62.6)
52 (37.4)
128 (74.4)‡
44 (25.6)
92 (69.7)
40 (30.3)
127 (80.9)ll
30 (19.1)
PIs n (%)
Yes
No
85 (46.2)
99 (53.8)
92 (56.1)
72 (43.9)
59 (42.4)
80 (57.6)
79 (45.9)
93 (54.1)
51 (38.6)
81 (61.4)
96 (61.2)¶
61 (38.8)
NRTIs n (%)
Yes
No
124 (67.4)
60 (32.6)
140 (85.4) †
24 (14.6)
86 (61.9)
53 (38.1)
127 (73.8)§
45 (26.2)
92 (69.7)
40 (30.3)
126 (80.3)**
31 (19.7)
NNRTIs n (%) Yes
No
42 (22.8)
142 (77.2)
52 (31.7)
112 (68.3)
27 (19.4)
112 (80.6)
54 (31.4)*,¶
118 (68.6)
41 (31.1)
91 (68.9)
36 (22.9)
121 (77.1)
Chi-square test with Yates’ correction. Mann-Whitney test. Data are expressed median (25%-75%). COL: total cholesterol; LDL-C: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG: triglyceride; BMI: body mass index; WC: waist circumference; IQR: interquartile range (25%-75%); HAART: highly active antiretroviral therapy; PIs: Protease inhibitors; NRTIs: nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors; NNRTIs: non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors
*p<0.0001 (OR: 3.123, CI 95%: 1.811-5.385); †p 0.0002 (OR: 2.823, CI95%: 1.659-4.803); ‡p=0.0339 (OR: 1.739, CI 95%: 1.070-2.825); §p=0.0327 (OR: 1.739, CI 95%: 1.073-2.818); *,¶p=0.0237 (OR: 1.898, CI 95%: 1.118-3.224); llp= 0.0380 (OR: 1.841, CI 95%: 1.068-3.172); ¶p= 0.0002 (OR: 2.500, CI 95%: 1.554-4.020); **p=0.0524 (OR: 1.767, CI 95%: 1.029-3.035)
Table 2: Demographic, anthropometric, and clinical characteristics of HIV-1-infected patients from Southern Brazil, according to the serum total cholesterol (TC), lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglyceride (TG) levels.