Variable Categories Cases No (%) Controls No (%) COR(95%CI) P-value
Sex Female 90(67.2) 103(76.9) 1.000  
  Male 44(32.8) 31(23.1) 1.624(0.94, 2.786) 0.078*
Age 18-24 11 (8.2) 10(7.5) 0.596(0.200,1.773) 0.352
  25-45 99(73.9) 111(82.8) 0.483(0.233,1.000) 0.050*
  >45 24(17.9) 13(9.7) 1.000  
Residence Rural 18(13.4) 17(12.7) 1.068(0.525, 2.174) 0.856
  Urban 116(86.6) 117(87.3) 1.000  
Occupation Employed 39(29.1) 27(20.1) 1.000  
  Merchant 18(13.4) 16(11.9) 0.779(0.339, 1.792) 0.557
  Unemployed 77(57.5) 91(67.9) 0.586(0.329, 1.043) 0.069*
Educational status 1-12 51(38.1) 68(50.7) 0.649(0.357, 1.178) 0.155*
  Certificate &diploma 46(34.3) 34(25.4) 1.170(0.612, 2.238) 0.635
  Illiterate 37(27.6) 32(23.9) 1.000  
Religion Orthodox 71(53.0) 64(47.8) 1.000  
  Muslim 38(28.4) 37(27.6) 1.464(0.788, 2.722) 0.228
  Protestant 25(18.7) 33(24.6) 1.356(0.681, 2.701) 0.387
Ethnicity Oromo 49(36.6) 54(40.3) 1.000  
  Amhara 32(23.9) 28(20.9) 1.259(0.666, 2.383) 0.478
  Dawro 29(21.6) 28(20.9) 1.141(0.597, 2.181) 0.689
  Others* 24(17.9) 24(17.9) 1.102(0.555, 2.187) 0.781
Marital status Single 20(14.9) 23(17.2) 1.000  
  Married 65(48.5) 58 (43.3) 0.776(0.387, 1.556) 0.475
  Divorced 22 (16.4) 29 (21.6) 1.146(0.507, 2.593) 0.743
  Widowed 27(20.1) 24(17.9) 0.773(0.343, 1.743) 0.535
Monthly income ≤500ETB 91(67.9) 93(69.4) 1.094 (0.535, 2.236) 0.806
  501-999ETB 26(19.4) 22(16.4) 1.321 (0.555, 3.141 ) 0.529
  ≥1000ETB 17(12.7) 19(14.2) 1.000  
Khat chewing in the last 1month Yes 33(24.6) 24(17.9) 1.498(0.829, 2.705) 0.181*
  No 101(75.4) 110(82.1) 1.000  
Alcohol intake in the last one month Once 12(9.0) 8(6.0) 1.629(0.64, 4.140) 0.306
  ≥2 times/week 17(12.7) 12(9.0) 1.538(0.701, 3.372) 0.286
  Never 105(78.4) 114(85.1) 1.000  
Physical exercise Yes 14(10.4) 15(11.2) 0.926(0.428, 2.001) 0.844
  No 120(89.6) 119(88.8) 1.000  
*Guraghe, Yem, Kefa
*Variables which show significant association during the bivariate analysis at P<0.25
Table 1: Univariate analysis for the association between sociodemographic characteristics and diarrheal diseases, Jimma town ART clinics, March 2013.