Variable Categories Cases No (%) Controls No (%) COR(95%CI) P-value
Roof Iron sheet 125(93.3) 127(94.8) 1.000  
  Grass 9(6.7) 7(5.2) 1.306(0.472, 3.616) 0.607
Wall Cement/ Brick 8(6.0) 10(7.5) 1.000  
  Mud/ Timber 126(94.3) 124(92.5) 1.270 0(.485, 3.325) 0.626
No of rooms 1 61(45.5) 68(50.7) 0.781(0.420, 1.454) 0.436
  2 42(31.3) 39(29.1) 0.938(0.477, 1.843) 0.853
  ≥3 31(23.1) 27(20.1) 1.000  
Usual members of the household ≤ 5 120(89.6) 126(94.0) 1.000  
  >5 14(10.4) 8(6.0) 1.837(0.744, 4.537) 0.187*
Crowd index Uncrowded 101(75.4) 105(78.4) 1.000  
  Over Crowded 33(24.6%) 29(21.6) 1.183(0.670, 2.089) 0.563
Source of energy Electricity/charcoal/kerosene 54(40.3) 48(35.8) 1.000  
  Charcoal/Fire wood 52(38.8) 70(52.2) 0.670(0.394, 1.138) 0.138*
  Animal dung 28(20.9) 16(11.9) 1.464(0.715, 2.999) 0.297
*Variables which show significant association during the bivariate analysis at P<0.25.
Table 2: Univariate analysis for the association between housing characteristics and diarrheal diseases, Jimma town ART clinics, March 2013.